Neural correlates of enhanced executive functions : is less more?

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/304270

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Putkinen , V & Saarikivi , K 2018 , ' Neural correlates of enhanced executive functions : is less more? ' , Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences , vol. 1423 , no. 1 , pp. 117-125 . https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.13645

Title: Neural correlates of enhanced executive functions : is less more?
Author: Putkinen, Vesa; Saarikivi, Katri
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Cognitive Brain Research Unit
University of Helsinki, Medicum
Date: 2018-07
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
ISSN: 0077-8923
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/304270
Abstract: Musical training has been associated with superior performance in various executive function tasks. To date, only a few neuroimaging studies have investigated the neural substrates of the supposed "musician advantage" in executive functions, precluding definite conclusions about its neural basis. Here, we provide a selective review of neuroimaging studies on plasticity and typical maturation of executive functions, with the aim of investigating how proficient performance in executive function tasks is reflected in brain activity. Specifically, we examine the evidence for the hypothesis that enhanced or mature executive functions are manifested as efficient use of neural systems supporting those functions. We also present preliminary results from a functional magnetic resonance imaging study suggesting-in line with this hypothesis-that musically trained adolescents recruit frontoparietal regions less strongly during executive functions tasks than untrained peers.
Subject: musical training
executive functions
fMRI
adolescence
neural efficacy
GENE-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION
LATENT VARIABLE ANALYSIS
WORKING-MEMORY
INHIBITORY CONTROL
RESPONSE-INHIBITION
INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES
BRAIN-FUNCTION
ANTERIOR CINGULATE
COGNITIVE CONTROL
CEREBRAL-CORTEX
515 Psychology
3141 Health care science
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