Neuroprotective and reparative effects of endoplasmic reticulum luminal proteins - mesencephalic astrocyte-derived neurotrophic factor and cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor

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Albert , K & Airavaara , M 2019 , ' Neuroprotective and reparative effects of endoplasmic reticulum luminal proteins - mesencephalic astrocyte-derived neurotrophic factor and cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor ' , Croatian Medical Journal , vol. 60 , no. 2 , pp. 99-108 . https://doi.org/10.3325/cmj.2019.60.99

Title: Neuroprotective and reparative effects of endoplasmic reticulum luminal proteins - mesencephalic astrocyte-derived neurotrophic factor and cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor
Author: Albert, Katrina; Airavaara, Mikko
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Regenerative Neuroscience
University of Helsinki, Neuroscience Center
Date: 2019-04
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: Croatian Medical Journal
ISSN: 0353-9504
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/304516
Abstract: Cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor (CDNF) and mesencephalic astrocyte-derived neurotrophic factor (MANF) are proteins that have received increasing attention in the last decades. Although they are called neurotrophic factors they are drastically different from neurotrophic factors in their expression and physiological actions.They are located in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and their basal secretion from neurons is very low. However their secretion is stimulated upon ER calcium depletion by chemical probes such as thapsigargin, a sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA) pump inhibitor. Exogenous MANF and CDNF possess therapeutic properties in several neurological dkodse models, including Parkinson disease and stroke. Endogenoes MANF expression has been shown to be neuroprotective, as well as administration of either CDNF or MANF into the extracellular space. In this review, we focus on their therapeutic effects, regulation of expression and secretion, comparison of their mechanisms of action, and their application to the brain parenchyma as recombinant proteins.
Subject: RAT MODEL
RESPONSE CONTRIBUTES
ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE
CDNF PROTECTS
FACTOR MANF
PROLIFERATION
EXPRESSION
RECOVERY
NEURONS
SYSTEM
3112 Neurosciences
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