Adaptive responses of animals to climate change are most likely insufficient

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Radchuk , V , Reed , T , Teplitsky , C , van de Pol , M , Charmantier , A , Hassall , C , Adamik , P , Adriaensen , F , Ahola , M P , Arcese , P , Miguel Aviles , J , Balbontin , J , Berg , K S , Borras , A , Burthe , S , Clobert , J , Dehnhard , N , de Lope , F , Dhondt , A A , Dingemanse , N J , Doi , H , Eeva , T , Fickel , J , Filella , I , Fossoy , F , Goodenough , A E , Hall , S J G , Hansson , B , Harris , M , Hasselquist , D , Hickler , T , Joshi , J , Kharouba , H , Gabriel Martinez , J , Mihoub , J-B , Mills , J A , Molina-Morales , M , Moksnes , A , Ozgul , A , Parejo , D , Pilard , P , Poisbleau , M , Rousset , F , Roedel , M-O , Scott , D , Carlos Senar , J , Stefanescu , C , Stokke , B G , Kusano , T , Tarka , M , Tarwater , C E , Thonicke , K , Thorley , J , Wilting , A , Tryjanowski , P , Merilä , J , Sheldon , B C , Moller , A P , Matthysen , E , Janzen , F , Dobson , F S , Visser , M E , Beissinger , S R , Courtiol , A & Kramer-Schadt , S 2019 , ' Adaptive responses of animals to climate change are most likely insufficient ' , Nature Communications , vol. 10 , 3109 . https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-10924-4

Title: Adaptive responses of animals to climate change are most likely insufficient
Author: Radchuk, Viktoriia; Reed, Thomas; Teplitsky, Celine; van de Pol, Martijn; Charmantier, Anne; Hassall, Christopher; Adamik, Peter; Adriaensen, Frank; Ahola, Markus P.; Arcese, Peter; Miguel Aviles, Jesus; Balbontin, Javier; Berg, Karl S.; Borras, Antoni; Burthe, Sarah; Clobert, Jean; Dehnhard, Nina; de Lope, Florentino; Dhondt, Andre A.; Dingemanse, Niels J.; Doi, Hideyuki; Eeva, Tapio; Fickel, Joerns; Filella, Iolanda; Fossoy, Frode; Goodenough, Anne E.; Hall, Stephen J. G.; Hansson, Bengt; Harris, Michael; Hasselquist, Dennis; Hickler, Thomas; Joshi, Jasmin; Kharouba, Heather; Gabriel Martinez, Juan; Mihoub, Jean-Baptiste; Mills, James A.; Molina-Morales, Mercedes; Moksnes, Arne; Ozgul, Arpat; Parejo, Deseada; Pilard, Philippe; Poisbleau, Maud; Rousset, Francois; Roedel, Mark-Oliver; Scott, David; Carlos Senar, Juan; Stefanescu, Constanti; Stokke, Bard G.; Kusano, Tamotsu; Tarka, Maja; Tarwater, Corey E.; Thonicke, Kirsten; Thorley, Jack; Wilting, Andreas; Tryjanowski, Piotr; Merilä, Juha; Sheldon, Ben C.; Moller, Anders Pape; Matthysen, Erik; Janzen, Fredric; Dobson, F. Stephen; Visser, Marcel E.; Beissinger, Steven R.; Courtiol, Alexandre; Kramer-Schadt, Stephanie
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Organismal and Evolutionary Biology Research Programme
Date: 2019-07-23
Language: eng
Number of pages: 14
Belongs to series: Nature Communications
ISSN: 2041-1723
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/304639
Abstract: Biological responses to climate change have been widely documented across taxa and regions, but it remains unclear whether species are maintaining a good match between phenotype and environment, i.e. whether observed trait changes are adaptive. Here we reviewed 10,090 abstracts and extracted data from 71 studies reported in 58 relevant publications, to assess quantitatively whether phenotypic trait changes associated with climate change are adaptive in animals. A meta-analysis focussing on birds, the taxon best represented in our dataset, suggests that global warming has not systematically affected morphological traits, but has advanced phenological traits. We demonstrate that these advances are adaptive for some species, but imperfect as evidenced by the observed consistent selection for earlier timing. Application of a theoretical model indicates that the evolutionary load imposed by incomplete adaptive responses to ongoing climate change may already be threatening the persistence of species.
Subject: PHENOTYPIC SELECTION
BODY-SIZE
NATURAL-POPULATIONS
WILD BIRD
METAANALYSIS
ENVIRONMENT
EXTINCTION
PLASTICITY
EVOLUTION
PHENOLOGY
1172 Environmental sciences
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
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