Early Evidence for Northern Salmonid Fisheries Discovered using Novel Mineral Proxies

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dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Department of Cultures en
dc.contributor.author Butler, Don H.
dc.contributor.author Koivisto, Satu Mirjami
dc.contributor.author Brumfeld, Vlad
dc.contributor.author Shahack-Gross, Ruth
dc.date.accessioned 2019-08-23T14:08:01Z
dc.date.available 2019-08-23T14:08:01Z
dc.date.issued 2019-01-16
dc.identifier.citation Butler , D H , Koivisto , S M , Brumfeld , V & Shahack-Gross , R 2019 , ' Early Evidence for Northern Salmonid Fisheries Discovered using Novel Mineral Proxies ' , Scientific Reports , vol. 9 , no. 147 , 147 . https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-36133-5 en
dc.identifier.issn 2045-2322
dc.identifier.other PURE: 118904007
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: e3fd5f5d-b226-4b64-ad6b-386c435693de
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85060168241
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-4978-9191/work/60865723
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000455752900002
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/304883
dc.description.abstract Salmonid resources currently foster socioeconomic prosperity in several nations, yet their importance to many ancient circumpolar societies is poorly understood due to insufficient fish bone preservation at archaeological sites. As a result, there are serious gaps in our knowledge concerning the antiquity of northern salmonid fisheries and their impacts on shaping biodiversity, hunter-gatherer adaptations, and human-ecological networks. The interdisciplinary study presented here demonstrates that calcium-magnesium phosphate minerals formed in burned salmonid bones can preserve at ancient northern sites, thus informing on the early utilization of these resources despite the absence of morphologically classifiable bones. The minerals whitlockite and beta magnesium tricalcium phosphate were identified in rare morphologically classifiable Atlantic salmonid bones from three Mid-Holocene sites in Finland. Large amounts of beta magnesium tricalcium phosphate were also experimentally formed by burning modern Atlantic salmonid and brown trout bones. Our results demonstrate the value of these minerals as proxies for ancient northern salmonid fishing. Specifically, the whitlockite mineral was discovered in hearth sediments from the 5,600 year old Yli-Ii Kierikinkangas site on the Iijoki River in northern Finland. Our fine sieving and mineralogical analyses of these sediments, along with zooarchaeological identification of recovered bone fragments, have confirmed for the first time that the people living at this village did incorporate salmonids into their economies, thus providing new evidence for early estuary/riverine fisheries in northern Finland. en
dc.format.extent 12
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Scientific Reports
dc.rights en
dc.subject 615 History and Archaeology en
dc.subject ATLANTIC SALMON en
dc.subject BROWN TROUT en
dc.subject FISH en
dc.subject HYDROLYSIS en
dc.subject HYDROXYAPATITE en
dc.subject TRANSFORMATION en
dc.subject TRICALCIUM PHOSPHATE en
dc.title Early Evidence for Northern Salmonid Fisheries Discovered using Novel Mineral Proxies en
dc.type Article
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-36133-5
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/other
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.contributor.pbl

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