Effect of Co-translational signal sequence on human SH3 display

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http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:hulib-201908283364
Title: Effect of Co-translational signal sequence on human SH3 display
Author: Shrestha, Subhash
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences
Publisher: Helsingin yliopisto
Date: 2019
Language: eng
URI: http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:hulib-201908283364
http://hdl.handle.net/10138/305032
Thesis level: master's thesis
Discipline: perinnöllisyystiede
Genetics
genetik
Abstract: SH3 domains are relatively short and most common of modular protein binding domain in eukaryotes. They are present in proteins that play critical role in various cell signaling and regulatory pathway. Human genome encoded 296 types of SH3 domains have been successfully displayed in phagemid using classical PelB signal sequence and used for finding novel binding partners. However, given its shorter length and tendency to fold rapidly it is useful to understand if signal sequence that directs SH3 translocation through Co translational pathway is much more efficient in displaying these domains than the one that translocate protein post translationally. For the study, PelB signal sequence of phagemid displayed human SH3 library was replaced with DsbA signal sequence using round the horn PCR method (Site directed mutagenesis) and verified with agarose gel electrophoresis. Subsequently, infective phages were prepared. The infective titer of newly generated DsbAss based library was found to be higher than that of PelBss based library. Both libraries normalized at 1 x1012cfu/ml were panned against known protein targets MC159(Molluscum contagiosum 159), NCF2(Neutrophil cytosolic factor 2) and NS1(Nonstructural protein 1). Enrichment with DsbAss library was moderately higher for each antigen. However sequencing results showed that results for proteins panned with PelBss library were congruent with previous finding whereas DsbAss library selected some potential weak binders and nonspecific ones along with strong binders. Panning results of DsbAss with NCF2 was striking as all clones selected were NCF1 SH3 domains. Although further functional study was not performed. Based on the study, we concluded that both libraries have its own advantage. PelBss based library can be used for finding strong binders while DsbAss based library can be used for studying weaker interaction and functional role of NCF2-NCF1 SH3 domain interaction is still an open question.
Subject: SH3 domains
phage display


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