Does education protect against depression? Evidence from the Young Finns Study using Mendelian randomization

Show full item record



Permalink

http://hdl.handle.net/10138/305105

Citation

Viinikainen , J , Bryson , A , Böckerman , P , Elovainio , M , Pitkänen , N , Pulkki-Råback , L , Lehtimäki , T , Raitakari , O & Pehkonen , J 2018 , ' Does education protect against depression? Evidence from the Young Finns Study using Mendelian randomization ' , Preventive Medicine , vol. 115 , pp. 134-139 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2018.08.026

Title: Does education protect against depression? Evidence from the Young Finns Study using Mendelian randomization
Author: Viinikainen, Jutta; Bryson, Alex; Böckerman, Petri; Elovainio, Marko; Pitkänen, Niina; Pulkki-Råback, Laura; Lehtimäki, Terho; Raitakari, Olli; Pehkonen, Jaakko
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
Date: 2018-10
Language: eng
Number of pages: 6
Belongs to series: Preventive Medicine
ISSN: 0091-7435
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/305105
Abstract: Using participants (N=1733) drawn from the nationally representative longitudinal Young Finns Study (YFS) we estimate the effect of education on depressive symptoms. In 2007, when the participants were between 30 and 45 years old, they reported their depressive symptoms using a revised version of Beck's Depression Inventory. Education was measured using register information on the highest completed level of education in 2007, which was converted to years of education. To identify a causal relationship between education and depressive symptoms we use an instrumental variables approach (Mendelian randomization, MR) with a genetic risk score as an instrument for years of education. The genetic risk score was based on 74 genetic variants, which were associated with years of education in a genome-wide association study (GWAS). Because the genetic variants are randomly assigned at conception, they induce exogenous variation in years of education and thus identify a causal effect if the assumptions of the MR approach are met. In Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) estimation years of education in 2007 were negatively associated with depressive symptoms in 2007 (b=-0.027, 95% Confidence Interval (CI)=-0.040, -0.015). However, the results based on Mendelian randomization suggested that the effect is not causal (b=0.017; 95% CI=-0.144, 0.178). This indicates that omitted variables correlated with education and depression may bias the linear regression coefficients and exogenous variation in education caused by differences in genetic make-up does not seem to protect against depressive symptoms.
Subject: Education
Depression
Mendelian randomization
Instrumental variables
GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION
INSTRUMENTAL VARIABLES
HEALTH
LOCI
VARIANTS
SYMPTOMS
MODELS
RISK
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
Rights:


Files in this item

Total number of downloads: Loading...

Files Size Format View
Does_education_ ... endelian_randomization.pdf 485.0Kb PDF View/Open
1_s2.0_S0091743518302573_main.pdf 163.9Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record