Eating habits and weight status in Finnish adolescents

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/305557

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Viljakainen , J , Figueiredo , R A D O , Viljakainen , H , Roos , E , Weiderpass , E & Rounge , T B 2019 , ' Eating habits and weight status in Finnish adolescents ' , Public Health Nutrition , vol. 22 , no. 14 , 1368980019001447 , pp. 2617-2624 . https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019001447

Title: Eating habits and weight status in Finnish adolescents
Author: Viljakainen, Jannina; Figueiredo, Rejane Augusta de Oliveira; Viljakainen, Hell; Roos, Eva; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Rounge, Trine B.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Doctoral Programme in Population Health
University of Helsinki, Department of Food and Nutrition
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Department of Medical and Clinical Genetics
Date: 2019-10
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Public Health Nutrition
ISSN: 1368-9800
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/305557
Abstract: Objective: To investigate the association between eating habits and weight status in adolescents in Finland. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: The Finnish Health in Teens (Fin-HIT) study is a cohort study conducted in adolescents attending third to sixth grade in 496 schools in forty-four municipalities in Southern, Middle and Northern Finland in 2011-2014. Participants: Analyses included 10 569 adolescents from the Fin-HIT study aged 9-14 years (5005 boys and 5564 girls). Adolescents were categorized by their eating habits: healthy eaters (44 center dot 1 %; n 4661), unhealthy eaters (12 center dot 3 %; n 1298), and fruit and vegetable avoiders (43 center dot 6 %; n 4610); and they were grouped into weight status: underweight (11 center dot 1 %), normal weight (73 center dot 6 %) and excess weight (15 center dot 3 %). Results: We found an increased risk of underweight in fruit and vegetable avoiders (OR = 1 center dot 28; 95 % CI 1 center dot 12, 1 center dot 46). An irregular breakfast pattern showed an inverse association with underweight (OR = 0 center dot 70; 95 % CI 0 center dot 59, 0 center dot 84) and an increased risk of excess weight (OR = 1 center dot 56; 95 % CI 1 center dot 37, 1 center dot 77) compared with a regular breakfast pattern. An irregular dinner pattern was inversely associated with underweight (OR = 0 center dot 83; 95 % CI 0 center dot 69, 0 center dot 99) compared with a regular dinner pattern. Conclusions: Avoiding fruits and vegetables and following irregular breakfast and dinner patterns were associated with underweight and excess weight in adolescents.
Subject: Eating habits
Adolescent
Breakfast
Dinner
Weight status
BODY-MASS INDEX
BALANCE-RELATED BEHAVIORS
LIFE-STYLE PATTERNS
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
EUROPEAN ADOLESCENTS
HEALTH BEHAVIOR
FOOD CHOICES
CHILDREN
BREAKFAST
OBESITY
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
3143 Nutrition
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