The role of debt, death and dispossession in world-ecological transformations : swidden commons and tar capitalism in nineteenth-century Finland

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Toivanen , T T & Kröger , A M 2019 , ' The role of debt, death and dispossession in world-ecological transformations : swidden commons and tar capitalism in nineteenth-century Finland ' , Journal of Peasant Studies , vol. 46 , no. 7 , pp. 1368-1388 . https://doi.org/10.1080/03066150.2018.1503173

Title: The role of debt, death and dispossession in world-ecological transformations : swidden commons and tar capitalism in nineteenth-century Finland
Author: Toivanen, Tero Tapio; Kröger, Antti Markus
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Political Science
University of Helsinki, Global Development Studies
Date: 2019-11-10
Language: eng
Number of pages: 21
Belongs to series: Journal of Peasant Studies
ISSN: 0306-6150
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/305867
Abstract: This article theorises about the ways in which commodity frontiers replace forest commons. New insights are offered into the role of debt, enclosures, the death of human and extra-human natures, and the role of the state in historical processes through an analysis of historical material and recent scholarship on eastern Finland's role in global capitalist expansion in the nineteenth century. The article contributes to the general study of commons and the expansion of capitalist world-ecology. We discuss how swidden commons were more sustainable than generally assumed. The article provides an original theoretical framework for studying world-ecological transformations. We argue that a study of debt, death and dispossession – which we call the three work-horses of tar capitalism – can shed new light on the expansion of commodity frontiers.
Subject: 5200 Other social sciences
Commodity frontiers
tar capitalism
swidden cultivation
world-ecology
debt
forest commons
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