Transition to Grandparenthood and Subjective Well-Being in Older Europeans : A Within-Person Investigation Using Longitudinal Data

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/305884

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Tanskanen , A O , Danielsbacka , M , Coall , D A & Jokela , M 2019 , ' Transition to Grandparenthood and Subjective Well-Being in Older Europeans : A Within-Person Investigation Using Longitudinal Data ' , Evolutionary Psychology , vol. 17 , no. 3 , 1474704919875948 . https://doi.org/10.1177/1474704919875948

Title: Transition to Grandparenthood and Subjective Well-Being in Older Europeans : A Within-Person Investigation Using Longitudinal Data
Author: Tanskanen, Antti O.; Danielsbacka, Mirkka; Coall, David A.; Jokela, Markus
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Sociology
University of Helsinki, University of Turku
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
Date: 2019-09-17
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: Evolutionary Psychology
ISSN: 1474-7049
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/305884
Abstract: The transition to grandparenthood, that is the birth of the first grandchild, is often assumed to increase the subjective well-being of older adults; however, prior studies are scarce and have provided mixed results. Investigation of the associations between grandparenthood and subjective well-being, measured by self-rated life satisfaction, quality of life scores, and depressive symptoms, used the longitudinal Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe from 13 countries, including follow-up waves between 2006 and 2015 (n = 64,940 person-observations from 38,456 unique persons of whom 18,207 had two or more measurement times). Both between-person and within-person (or fixed-effect) regression models were executed, where between-person associations represent results across individuals, that is, between grandparents and non-grandparents; within-person associations represent an individual's variation over time, that is, they consider whether the transition to grandparenthood increases or decreases subjective well-being. According to the between-person models, both grandmothers and grandfathers reported higher rate of life satisfaction and quality of life than non-grandparents. Moreover, grandmothers reported fewer depressive symptoms than women without grandchildren. The within-person models indicated that entry into grandmotherhood was associated with both improved quality of life scores and improved life satisfaction. These findings are discussed with reference to inclusive fitness theory, parental investment theory, and the grandmother hypothesis.
Subject: AGE
Ageing and Retirement in Europe
CHILDREN
DEPRESSION
EVOLUTION
Fixed-effect regression
HEALTH
INVESTMENT
MARITAL HAPPINESS
QUALITY-OF-LIFE
RESOURCE
SATISFACTION
Survey of Health
grandmother hypothesis
inclusive fitness theory
parental investment theory
subjective well-being
transition to grandparenthood
515 Psychology
5144 Social psychology
5141 Sociology
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