Changes in emotions and personal goals in primiparous pregnant women during group intervention for fear of childbirth

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/305971

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Airo (Toivanen) , R , Korja , R , Saisto , T , Rouhe , H , Muotka , J & Salmela-Aro , K 2018 , ' Changes in emotions and personal goals in primiparous pregnant women during group intervention for fear of childbirth ' , Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology , vol. 36 , no. 4 , pp. 363-380 . https://doi.org/10.1080/02646838.2018.1462477

Title: Changes in emotions and personal goals in primiparous pregnant women during group intervention for fear of childbirth
Author: Airo (Toivanen), Riikka; Korja, Riikka; Saisto, Terhi; Rouhe, Hanna; Muotka, Joona; Salmela-Aro, Katariina
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
University of Helsinki, Faculty of Medicine
University of Helsinki, Minds Hub
Date: 2018
Language: eng
Number of pages: 18
Belongs to series: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
ISSN: 0264-6838
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/305971
Abstract: The changes in emotions, subjective fear of childbirth, and personal goals were examined during a group intervention to treat fear of childbirth (FOC). The objective was to gain a more detailed understanding of the changes occurring during the group intervention of FOC. The changes in emotions, subjective FOC, and personal goals were studied in primiparous pregnant women with severe FOC participating in a group intervention (n = 105). The group intervention contained six sessions during pregnancy and one after childbirth. At every session, the participants filled in a questionnaire regarding their experiences of current positive and negative emotions and the subjective FOC. The participants also set and reported their personal goals in their preparation for childbirth and parenthood. The negative emotions decreased from the beginning of the intervention. The change became significant after the fourth session. The amount of positive emotions increased but became statistically significant only after the delivery. The subjective FOC decreased significantly from the beginning of the intervention. Personal goals shifted from being mainly self-related to being mostly related to parenthood. The group intervention decreased FOC and promoted changes in emotions and personal goals that foster emotional preparedness for childbirth. It seems that the decrease in FOC was made possible through gaining a better capacity to regulate emotions, especially negative emotions. As negative emotions and fear decreased, personal goals simultaneously changed in the direction known to be adaptive for the new life situation as a parent of a newborn.
Subject: Fear of childbirth
group intervention
change in emotions
transition to parenthood
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL
NULLIPAROUS WOMEN
CESAREAN-SECTION
GROUP PSYCHOEDUCATION
METAANALYSIS
MINDFULNESS
PREDICTORS
ANXIETY
RELAXATION
PARENTHOOD
515 Psychology
3141 Health care science
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