Thirty-eight-year trends of educational differences in smoking in Finland

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/306010

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Ruokolainen , O , Heloma , A , Jousilahti , P , Lahti , J , Pentala-Nikulainen , O , Rahkonen , O & Puska , P 2019 , ' Thirty-eight-year trends of educational differences in smoking in Finland ' , International Journal of Public Health , vol. 64 , no. 6 , pp. 853-860 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01228-x

Title: Thirty-eight-year trends of educational differences in smoking in Finland
Author: Ruokolainen, Otto; Heloma, Antero; Jousilahti, Pekka; Lahti, Jouni; Pentala-Nikulainen, Oona; Rahkonen, Ossi; Puska, Pekka
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Public Health
University of Helsinki, Department of Public Health
Date: 2019-07
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: International Journal of Public Health
ISSN: 1661-8556
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/306010
Abstract: ObjectivesSmoking is declining, but it is unevenly distributed among population groups. Our aim was to examine the socio-economic differences in smoking during 1978-2016 in Finland, a country with a history of strict tobacco control policy.MethodsAnnual population-based random sample data of 25-64-year-olds from 1978 to 2016 (N=104,315) were used. Response rate varied between 84 and 40%. In addition to logistic regression analysis, absolute and relative educational differences in smoking were examined.ResultsSmoking was more prevalent among the less educated but declined in all educational groups during the study period. Both absolute and relative differences in smoking between the less and highly educated were larger at the end of the study period than at the beginning. Cigarette price seemed to have a larger effect on the smoking among the less educated.ConclusionsSocio-economic differences in smoking among the Finnish adult population have increased since the 1970s until 2016. Further actions are needed, especially focusing on lower socio-economic positions, to tackle inequalities in health. They should include support for smoking cessation and larger cigarette tax increases.
Subject: Smoking
Socio-economic position
Inequalities
Population-based survey
Price
Trends
SOCIOECONOMIC INEQUALITIES
CIGARETTE CONSUMPTION
EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
TOBACCO
HEALTH
IMPACT
POLICY
PREVALENCE
CESSATION
PRICE
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
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