Nordic homicide report : Homicide in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, 2007–2016

Show simple item record Lehti, Martti Kivivuori, Janne Bergsdóttir, Guðbjörg S. Engvold, Heidi Granath, Sven Jónasson, Jónas O. Liem, Marieke Okholm, Mikkel M. Rautelin, Mona Suonpää, Karoliina Syversen, Vibeke S. 2019-10-21T06:24:11Z 2019-10-21T06:24:11Z 2019-10-21
dc.identifier.isbn 978-951-51-0669-8
dc.description.abstract This report compares the trends and patterns of lethal violence in from 2007 to 2016, in five Nordic countries: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. The report is a product of the “Nordic Homicide from Past to Present” research project, funded by the Scandinavian Research Council for criminology. The main findings include: * Based on homicide mortality rates, the Nordic countries form currently three groups: compared to the rates in Denmark and Sweden, the homicide mortality rate is about 30 per cent higher in Finland and 30 per cent lower in Norway and Iceland. However, by global standards, all the countries have extremely low rates of homicide mortality. * In Denmark, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden, the hotspots of lethal violence are the metropolitan areas of the largest cities; in Finland, the rural areas and small towns in the eastern and northern provinces. In this respect, the situation in Scandinavia and Iceland resembles that in Western Europe, in Finland again, it resembles that in some of the eastern European countries. * In all five countries, non-working working-age male substance abusers are hugely over-represented among homicide offenders and victims. * In the three Scandinavian countries, immigrants make up to 25 to 40 per cent of homicide offenders, while in Iceland and Finland their proportion is about 10 per cent. While this difference reflects the sizes of the immigrant populations, differential risks are also involved. In all Nordic countries, the homicide offending rates of immigrants are higher than those of native residents, but this difference is substantially larger in Scandinavia than in Iceland or Finland. * The role of alcohol and drinking situations in lethal violence is central in Finland, Iceland and Sweden, but only moderate in Denmark and insignificant in Norway. This is reflected in the temporal distribution of homicide incidents; and to the lower percentage of crimes in near relations and the higher percentage of male victims in Finland, Iceland and Sweden. * Concerning firearm homicides, Sweden is currently a clear outlier in the region with every fourth homicide being perpetrated by firearms. The firearm homicide rate in Sweden is the highest of all the Nordic countries. The situation has deteriorated fast in the last few years. Firearm homicides are concentrated in the metropolitan areas of Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmö and to a large extent are linked to gang violence in a few residential districts. * Nordic homicide clearance rates are among the highest in the world; offenders are caught and sentenced almost without exception. The official control policies are effective and arguably contribute to very low homicide rates in the region when compared with the global situation. fi
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher University of Helsinki, Institute of Criminology and Legal Policy
dc.relation.ispartofseries Research Briefs ; 37/2019
dc.subject Homicide en
dc.subject Manslaughter en
dc.subject Infanticide en
dc.subject Nordic countries en
dc.subject Criminology en
dc.subject Murder en
dc.subject Assault leading to death en
dc.title Nordic homicide report : Homicide in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, 2007–2016 en
dc.identifier.laitoskoodi H70
dc.identifier.ainekoodi H7208
dc.identifier.urn URN:ISBN:978-951-51-0669-8
dc.subject.yso kriminologia fi
dc.subject.yso henkirikokset fi
dc.subject.yso väkivaltarikokset fi
dc.subject.yso murha fi
dc.subject.yso tappo fi
dc.subject.yso Pohjoismaat fi
dc.subject.yso kriminologi sv
dc.subject.yso brott mot liv sv
dc.subject.yso våldsbrott sv
dc.subject.yso mord sv
dc.subject.yso dråp sv
dc.subject.yso Norden sv
dc.relation.issn 2342-7779
dc.type.publication article Helsinki

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