Association of ideal cardiovascular health at age 50 with incidence of dementia : 25 year follow-up of Whitehall II cohort study

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Sabia , S , Fayosse , A , Dumurgier , J , Schnitzler , A , Empana , J-P , Ebmeier , K P , Dugravot , A , Kivimäki , M & Singh-Manoux , A 2019 , ' Association of ideal cardiovascular health at age 50 with incidence of dementia : 25 year follow-up of Whitehall II cohort study ' , BMJ : British Medical Journal , vol. 366 , 14414 . https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.l4414

Title: Association of ideal cardiovascular health at age 50 with incidence of dementia : 25 year follow-up of Whitehall II cohort study
Author: Sabia, Severine; Fayosse, Aurore; Dumurgier, Julien; Schnitzler, Alexis; Empana, Jean-Philippe; Ebmeier, Klaus P.; Dugravot, Aline; Kivimäki, Mika; Singh-Manoux, Archana
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Life Science HiLIFE
Date: 2019-08-07
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: BMJ : British Medical Journal
ISSN: 1756-1833
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/306374
Abstract: OBJECTIVES To examine the association between the Life Simple 7 cardiovascular health score at age 50 and incidence of dementia. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Civil service departments in London (Whitehall II study; study inception 1985-88). PARTICIPANTS 7899 participants with data on the cardiovascular health score at age 50. EXPOSURES The cardiovascular health score included four behavioural (smoking, diet, physical activity, body mass index) and three biological (fasting glucose, blood cholesterol, blood pressure) metrics, coded on a three point scale (0, 1, 2). The cardiovascular health score was the sum of seven metrics (score range 0-14) and was categorised into poor (scores 0-6), intermediate (7-11), and optimal (12-14) cardiovascular health. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE Incident dementia, identified through linkage to hospital, mental health services, and mortality registers until 2017. RESULTS 347 incident cases of dementia were recorded over a median follow-up of 24.7 years. Compared with an incidence rate of dementia of 3.2 (95% confidence interval 2.5 to 4.0) per 1000 person years among the group with poor cardiovascular health, the absolute rate differences per 1000 person years were -1.5 (95% confidence interval -2.3 to -0.7) for the group with intermediate cardiovascular health and -1.9 (-2.8 to -1.1) for the group with optimal cardiovascular health. Higher cardiovascular health score was associated with a lower risk of dementia (hazard ratio 0.89 (0.85 to 0.95) per 1 point increment in the cardiovascular health score). Similar associations with dementia were observed for the behavioural and biological subscales (hazard ratios per 1 point increment in the subscores 0.87 (0.81 to 0.93) and 0.91 (0.83 to 1.00), respectively). The association between cardiovascular health at age 50 and dementia was also seen in people who remained free of cardiovascular disease over the follow-up (hazard ratio 0.89 (0.84 to 0.95) per 1 point increment in the cardiovascular health score). CONCLUSION Adherence to the Life Simple 7 ideal cardiovascular health recommendations in midlife was associated with a lower risk of dementia later in life.
Subject: ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE
COGNITIVE DECLINE
RISK
MIDLIFE
MRI
OBESITY
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
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