Changes in delinquency according to socioeconomic status among Finnish adolescents from 2000 to 2015

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/306464

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Knaappila , N , Marttunen , M , Fröjd , S , Lindberg , N & Kaltiala-Heino , R 2019 , ' Changes in delinquency according to socioeconomic status among Finnish adolescents from 2000 to 2015 ' , Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , vol. 7 , pp. 52-59 . https://doi.org/10.21307/sjcapp-2019-008

Title: Changes in delinquency according to socioeconomic status among Finnish adolescents from 2000 to 2015
Author: Knaappila, Noora; Marttunen, Mauri; Fröjd, Sari; Lindberg, Nina; Kaltiala-Heino, Riittakerttu
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Nuorisopsykiatria
University of Helsinki, HUS Psychiatry
University of Helsinki, HUS Psychiatry
Date: 2019
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology
ISSN: 2245-8875
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/306464
Abstract: Background: Scientific literature suggests that the prevalence of delinquency amongst adolescents has decreased internationally in past decades. However, whether this change is consistent across all socioeconomic groups has not yet been studied. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine changes in delinquency amongst Finnish adolescents according to socioeconomic status between 2000 and 2015. Method: A population-based school survey was conducted biennially amongst 14-16-year-old Finns between 2000 and 2015 (n = 761,278). Distributions for delinquency and socioeconomic adversities (low parental education, not living with both parents and parental unemployment in the past year) were calculated using crosstabs. Associations between delinquency, time, and socioeconomic adversities were studied using binomial logistic regression results shown by odds ratios with 95 % confidence intervals. Results: Delinquency was positively associated with all three socioeconomic adversities studied and cumulative socioeconomic adversity. Although the prevalence of delinquency varied only slightly between 2000 and 2015 in the overall population, it increased significantly amongst adolescents with most socioeconomic adversities. Conclusions: The findings indicate that socioeconomic differences in delinquency have increased amongst Finnish adolescents in past decades. Delinquency prevention and intervention programs should take socioeconomic adversities into account.
Subject: Adolescent
delinquency
socioeconomic factors
surveys and questionnaires
JUVENILE-DELINQUENCY
CONDUCT DISORDER
MENTAL-DISORDERS
TRENDS
CHILDREN
POPULATION
CHILDHOOD
FAMILY
YOUTH
RISK
3124 Neurology and psychiatry
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