Sleep versus non-sleep-related fatal road accidents

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/306615

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Kalsi , J , Tervo , T , Bachour , A & Partinen , M 2018 , ' Sleep versus non-sleep-related fatal road accidents ' , Sleep Medicine , vol. 51 , pp. 148-152 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2018.04.017

Title: Sleep versus non-sleep-related fatal road accidents
Author: Kalsi, Juhani; Tervo, Timo; Bachour, Adel; Partinen, Markku
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Ophthalmology and Otorhinolaryngology
University of Helsinki, Clinicum






Date: 2018-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 5
Belongs to series: Sleep Medicine
ISSN: 1389-9457
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2018.04.017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/306615
Abstract: Objective: To study different factors that are associated with fatal sleepiness-related motor vehicle accidents (FSMVA) and in other types of fatal motor vehicle accidents (FMVA) in Finland. Methods: All FMVA that were caused by falling asleep at the wheel (FSMVA) during the years 2005-2014 were investigated using OTI (Finnish Crash Data Institute) data. The control group consisted of 136 drivers who died in other types of FMVA in 2013. A total of 258 accidents were investigated. Results: The mean age of the 122 drivers in the FSMVA group was 44 (standard deviation 19) years; there were 100 men (82%) and 22 women. The mean age of the 136 control drivers was 45 (standard deviation 19) years; there were 116 men (85%) and 20 women. Short sleep time ( Conclusion: Short sleep is a major cause of fatal sleepiness-related motor vehicle accidents. Driver health factors such as sleep apnea or acute/chronic diseases as well as use of sedative medications and drugs are known risk factors for FSMVA, but these factors are associated also with other types of accidents. Healthy individuals are at risk for falling asleep while driving if they are sleep deprived. All drivers should be aware of the importance of adequate sleep. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Subject: Fatal motor vehicle accident
Traffic accident
Sleepiness
Sleep deficit
Road safety
DAYTIME SLEEPINESS
BENZODIAZEPINE USE
VEHICLE ACCIDENTS
CRASH RISKS
APNEA
INSOMNIA
DRIVERS
OBESITY
CONSEQUENCES
METAANALYSIS
3112 Neurosciences
3124 Neurology and psychiatry
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
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