Eubacterium maltosivorans sp nov., a novel human intestinal acetogenic and butyrogenic bacterium with a versatile metabolism

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Feng , Y , Stams , A J M , Anchez-Andrea , I S & de Vos , W M 2018 , ' Eubacterium maltosivorans sp nov., a novel human intestinal acetogenic and butyrogenic bacterium with a versatile metabolism ' , International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology , vol. 68 , no. 11 , pp. 3546-3550 . https://doi.org/10.1099/ijsem.0.003028

Title: Eubacterium maltosivorans sp nov., a novel human intestinal acetogenic and butyrogenic bacterium with a versatile metabolism
Author: Feng, Yuan; Stams, Alfons J. M.; Anchez-Andrea, Irene S.; de Vos, Willem M.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Director and Common Matters
Date: 2018-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 5
Belongs to series: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
ISSN: 1466-5026
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/306622
Abstract: A novel anaerobic, non-spore-forming bacterium was isolated from a faecal sample of a healthy adult. The isolate, designated strain YIT, was cultured in a basal liquid medium under a gas phase of H-2/CO2 supplemented with yeast extract (0.1 g l(-1)). Cells of strain YIT were short rods (0.4-0.7 x 2.0-2.5 mu m), appearing singly or in pairs, and stained Gram-positive. Catalase activity and gelatin hydrolysis were positive while oxidase activity, indole formation, urease activity and aesculin hydrolysis were negative. Growth was observed within a temperature range of 20-45 degrees C (optimum, 35-37 degrees C), and a pH range of 5.0-8.0 (optimum pH 7.0-7.5). Doubling time was 2.3 h when grown with glucose at pH 7.2 and 37 degrees C. Besides acetogenic growth, the isolate was able to ferment a large range of monomeric sugars with acetate and butyrate as the main end products. Strain YIT did not show respiratory growth with sulfate, sulfite, thiosulfate or nitrate as electron acceptors. The major cellular fatty acids of the isolate were C-16:0 and C-18:0. The genomic DNA G+C content was 47.8 mol%. Strain YIT is affiliated to the genus Eubacterium, sharing highest levels of 16S rRNA gene similarity with Eubacterium limosum ATCC 8486(T) (97.3 %), Eubacterium callanderi DSM 3662(T) (97.5 %), Eubacterium aggregans DSM 12183(T) (94.4 %) and Eubacterium barkeri DSM 1223(T) (94.8 %). Considering its physiological and phylogenetic characteristics, strain YIT represents a novel species within the genus Eubacterium, for which the name Eubacterium maltosivorans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIT (= DSM 105863(T) = JCM 32297(T)).
Subject: acetogens
butyrate
maltose
hydrogen
human gut microbiota
GENOME SEQUENCE
LIMOSUM
STRAINS
RUMEN
3111 Biomedicine
1183 Plant biology, microbiology, virology
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