Healthy Learning Mind - Effectiveness of a mindfulness program on mental health compared to a relaxation program and teaching as usual in schools: a cluster-randomised controlled trial

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dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Clinicum en
dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Doctoral Programme in Psychology, Learning and Communication en
dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Social Psychology en
dc.contributor University of Helsinki, University Management en
dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Clinicum en
dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Staff Services en
dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Department of Education en
dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Department of Public Health en
dc.contributor.author Volanen, S-M.
dc.contributor.author Lassander, M.
dc.contributor.author Hankonen, N.
dc.contributor.author Santalahti, P.
dc.contributor.author Hintsanen, M.
dc.contributor.author Simonsen, N.
dc.contributor.author Raevuori, A.
dc.contributor.author Mullola, S.
dc.contributor.author Vahlberg, T.
dc.contributor.author But, A.
dc.contributor.author Suominen, S.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-11-08T07:08:02Z
dc.date.available 2019-11-08T07:08:02Z
dc.date.issued 2020-01-01
dc.identifier.citation Volanen , S-M , Lassander , M , Hankonen , N , Santalahti , P , Hintsanen , M , Simonsen , N , Raevuori , A , Mullola , S , Vahlberg , T , But , A & Suominen , S 2020 , ' Healthy Learning Mind - Effectiveness of a mindfulness program on mental health compared to a relaxation program and teaching as usual in schools: a cluster-randomised controlled trial ' , Journal of Affective Disorders , vol. 260 , pp. 660-669 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.08.087 en
dc.identifier.issn 0165-0327
dc.identifier.other PURE: 126503913
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 4ae7d9f9-04cc-4a71-a420-7fe6fff22519
dc.identifier.other RIS: urn:53717A74B5D445FCB619A1E183CFFBBE
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000490428300083
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0001-7566-714X/work/64323555
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-8464-2478/work/64324023
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0001-7704-9441/work/71511763
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/306826
dc.description.abstract Background Mindfulness-Based Interventions (MBIs) have shown promising effects on mental health among children and adolescents, but high-quality studies examining the topic are lacking. The present study assessed the effects of MBI on mental health in school-setting in an extensive randomised controlled trial. Methods Finnish school children and adolescents (N=3519), aged 12-15 years (6th to 8th graders), from 56 schools were randomized into a 9 week MBI group, and control groups with a relaxation program or teaching as usual. The primary outcomes were resilience, socio-emotional functioning, and depressive symptoms at baseline, at completion of the programs at 9 weeks (T9), and at follow-up at 26 weeks (T26). Results Overall, mindfulness did not show more beneficial effects on the primary outcomes compared to the controls except for resilience for which a positive intervention effect was found at T9 in all participants (β=1.18, SE 0.57, p=0.04) as compared to the relaxation group. In addition, in gender and grade related analyses, MBI lowered depressive symptoms in girls at T26 (β=-0.49, SE 0.21, p=0.02) and improved socio-emotional functioning at T9(β=-1.37, SE 0.69, p=0.049) and at T26 (β=-1.71, SE 0.73, p=0.02) among 7th graders as compared to relaxation. Limitations The inactive control group was smaller than the intervention and active control groups, reducing statistical power. Conclusions A short 9-week MBI in school-setting provides slight benefits over a relaxation program and teaching as usual. Future research should investigate whether embedding regular mindfulness-based practice in curriculums could intensify the effects. en
dc.format.extent 10
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of Affective Disorders
dc.rights en
dc.subject School-based intervention en
dc.subject Mindfulness en
dc.subject Mental Health Promotion en
dc.subject Randomized Controlled Trial en
dc.subject PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES en
dc.subject METAANALYSIS en
dc.subject ADOLESCENCE en
dc.subject Randomized controlled trial en
dc.subject STRENGTHS en
dc.subject TRANSITION en
dc.subject INTERVENTIONS en
dc.subject RUMINATION en
dc.subject BECK DEPRESSION INVENTORY en
dc.subject SEX-DIFFERENCES en
dc.subject Mental health promotion en
dc.subject STRESS REDUCTION en
dc.subject 516 Educational sciences en
dc.subject 515 Psychology en
dc.subject 3112 Neurosciences en
dc.subject 3124 Neurology and psychiatry en
dc.title Healthy Learning Mind - Effectiveness of a mindfulness program on mental health compared to a relaxation program and teaching as usual in schools: a cluster-randomised controlled trial en
dc.type Article
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.08.087
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/other
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
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