On the distribution and complexity of gender and numeral classifiers

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/306842

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Sinnemäki , K T-K 2019 , On the distribution and complexity of gender and numeral classifiers . in F Di Garbo , B Olsson & B Wälchli (eds) , Grammatical gender and linguistic complexity II : Volume II: World-wide comparative studies . Studies in Diversity Linguistics , no. 27 , Language Science Press , Berlin , pp. 133-200 . https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3462782

Title: On the distribution and complexity of gender and numeral classifiers
Author: Sinnemäki, Kaius Tatu-Kustaa
Editor: Di Garbo, Francesca; Olsson, Bruno; Wälchli, Bernhard
Contributor: University of Helsinki, GramAdapt
Publisher: Language Science Press
Date: 2019
Number of pages: 68
Belongs to series: Grammatical gender and linguistic complexity II Volume II: World-wide comparative studies
Belongs to series: Studies in Diversity Linguistics
ISBN: 978-3-96110-181-8
978-3-96110-180-1
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/306842
Abstract: This paper surveys the occurrence of gender and numeral classifiers in the languages of the world and evaluates statistically whether there is a complexity tradeoff between these two linguistic patterns. Complexity is measured as overt coding of the pattern in a language, an approach that has been shown earlier to provide a reliable first estimate for possible trade-offs between typological variables. The data come from a genealogically and areally stratified sample of 360 languages. The relationship between gender and numeral classifiers in this data was researched by constructing Generalized Linear Mixed Models. According to the results a significant inverse relationship occurs between the variables independently of genealogical affiliation and geographical areas. The distributions are explained functionally. by economy, that is, the tendency to avoid using multiple patterns in the same functional domain
Subject: 6121 Languages
Typology
Language complexity
grammatical gender
Numeral classifiers
Linguistic areality
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