Short-Term Cooling Increases Plasma ANGPTL3 and ANGPTL8 in Young Healthy Lean Men but Not in Middle-Aged Men with Overweight and Prediabetes

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Janssen, L.G.; Jauhiainen, M.; Olkkonen, V.M.; Haridas, P.N.; Nahon, K.J.; Rensen, P.C.; Boon, M.R. Short-Term Cooling Increases Plasma ANGPTL3 and ANGPTL8 in Young Healthy Lean Men but Not in Middle-Aged Men with Overweight and Prediabetes. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 1214.

Title: Short-Term Cooling Increases Plasma ANGPTL3 and ANGPTL8 in Young Healthy Lean Men but Not in Middle-Aged Men with Overweight and Prediabetes
Author: Janssen, Laura G.M.; Jauhiainen, Matti; Olkkonen, Vesa M.; Haridas, P.A. Nidhina; Nahon, Kimberly J.; Rensen, Patrick C.N.; Boon, Mariëtte R.
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Date: 2019-08-14
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/306904
Abstract: Angiopoietin-like proteins (ANGPTLs) regulate triglyceride (TG)-rich lipoprotein distribution via inhibiting TG hydrolysis by lipoprotein lipase in metabolic tissues. Brown adipose tissue combusts TG-derived fatty acids to enhance thermogenesis during cold exposure. It has been shown that cold exposure regulates ANGPTL4, but its effects on ANGPTL3 and ANGPTL8 in humans have not been elucidated. We therefore investigated the effect of short-term cooling on plasma ANGPTL3 and ANGPTL8, besides ANGPTL4. Twenty-four young, healthy, lean men and 20 middle-aged men with overweight and prediabetes were subjected to 2 h of mild cooling just above their individual shivering threshold. Before and after short-term cooling, plasma ANGPTL3, ANGPTL4, and ANGPTL8 were determined by ELISA. In young, healthy, lean men, short-term cooling increased plasma ANGPTL3 (+16%, <i>p</i> &lt; 0.05), ANGPTL4 (+15%, <i>p</i> &lt; 0.05), and ANGPTL8 levels (+28%, <i>p</i> &lt; 0.001). In middle-aged men with overweight and prediabetes, short-term cooling only significantly increased plasma ANGPTL4 levels (+15%, <i>p</i> &lt; 0.05), but not ANGPTL3 (230 &plusmn; 9 vs. 251 &plusmn; 13 ng/mL, <i>p</i> = 0.051) or ANGPTL8 (2.2 &plusmn; 0.5 vs. 2.3 &plusmn; 0.5 &mu;g/mL, <i>p</i> = 0.46). We show that short-term cooling increases plasma ANGPTL4 levels in men, regardless of age and metabolic status, but only overtly increases ANGPTL3 and ANGPTL8 levels in young, healthy, lean men.


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