Drivers of high-latitude plant diversity hotspots and their congruence

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dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Department of Geosciences and Geography en
dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Finnish Museum of Natural History en
dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Department of Geosciences and Geography en
dc.contributor.author Niskanen, Annina Kaisa Johanna
dc.contributor.author Heikkinen, Risto K
dc.contributor.author Väre, Henry Uolevi
dc.contributor.author Luoto, Miska
dc.date.accessioned 2019-11-25T10:05:01Z
dc.date.available 2021-07-07T02:46:39Z
dc.date.issued 2017-08-01
dc.identifier.citation Niskanen , A K J , Heikkinen , R K , Väre , H U & Luoto , M 2017 , ' Drivers of high-latitude plant diversity hotspots and their congruence ' , Biological Conservation , vol. 212, Part A , pp. 288-299 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2017.06.019 en
dc.identifier.issn 0006-3207
dc.identifier.other PURE: 88394877
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 38c632b1-c024-4134-8942-0ec06d8536a1
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000407186000032
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85030624067
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0001-6203-5143/work/38827231
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/307297
dc.description.abstract Determining the drivers, patterns and hotspots of biodiversity can be of critical importance in supporting regional conservation planning. However, as biodiversity hotspots can be described with several different metrics, it is important to investigate their congruence as well as the spatial overlap of hotspots with protected areas. Here, by using extensive data on climate, topography, soil characteristics and vascular plants combined with boosted regression tree models, we determine the patterns and key drivers of plant diversity hotspots along broad environmental gradients in northernmost Europe spanning from taiga landscapes to treeless tundra. We assess plant diversity with four metrics – species richness, range-rarity richness, threatened species richness, and local contribution to beta diversity – and examine their congruence with each other as well as with contemporary conservation areas. We found that climate plays an important role in governing species diversity, though topo-edaphic are highlighted alongside climatic predictors in determining the diversity patterns of many threatened, nearthreatened, and range-restricted species. Importantly, the different diversity metrics have contrasting drivers and, overall, their hotspots have low congruence. Furthermore, existing protected areas appear to offer limited coverage for hotspots of vascular plant diversity. Modelling the various facets of diversity and their drivers, such as the topo-edaphic setting, may provide useful information to help conserve diversity in a changing climate. Projected patterns of different aspects of diversity and their congruency can provide insights into the processes underlying biodiversity and be employed to assess the representativeness of protected area networks. en
dc.format.extent 12
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Biological Conservation
dc.rights en
dc.subject 1172 Environmental sciences en
dc.title Drivers of high-latitude plant diversity hotspots and their congruence en
dc.type Article
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2017.06.019
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/other
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
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