REM sleep fragmentation associated with depressive symptoms and genetic risk for depression in a community-based sample of adolescents

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Pesonen , A-K , Gradisar , M , Kuula , L , Short , M , Merikanto , I , Tark , R , Raikkonen , K & Lahti , J 2019 , ' REM sleep fragmentation associated with depressive symptoms and genetic risk for depression in a community-based sample of adolescents ' , Journal of Affective Disorders , vol. 245 , pp. 757-763 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.11.077

Title: REM sleep fragmentation associated with depressive symptoms and genetic risk for depression in a community-based sample of adolescents
Author: Pesonen, Anu-Katriina; Gradisar, Michael; Kuula, Liisa; Short, Michelle; Merikanto, Ilona; Tark, Riin; Raikkonen, Katri; Lahti, Jari
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Doctoral Programme in Cognition, Learning, Instruction and Communication
University of Helsinki, SLEEPWELL Research Program
University of Helsinki, Medicum
University of Helsinki, Doctoral Programme in Cognition, Learning, Instruction and Communication
University of Helsinki, Doctoral Programme in Cognition, Learning, Instruction and Communication
Date: 2019-02-15
Language: eng
Number of pages: 7
Belongs to series: Journal of Affective Disorders
ISSN: 0165-0327
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/307420
Abstract: Introduction: Fragmented REM sleep may impede overnight resolution of distress and increase depressive symptoms. Furthermore, both fragmented REM and depressive symptoms may share a common genetic factor. We explored the associations between REM sleep fragmentation, depressive symptoms, and a polygenic risk score (PRS) for depression among adolescents. Methods: About 161 adolescents (mean age 16.9 +/- 0.1 years) from a birth cohort underwent a sleep EEG and completed the Beck Depression Inventory-II the same day. We calculated PRSes for depressive symptoms with PRSice 1.25 software using weights from a recent genome-wide association study for dimensions of depressive symptoms (negative emotion, lack of positive emotion and somatic complaints). REM fragmentation in relation to entire REM duration was manually calculated from all REM epochs. REM latency and density were derived using SomnoMedics DOMINO software. Results: PRSes for somatic complaints and lack of positive emotions were associated with higher REM fragmentation percent. A higher level of depressive symptoms was associated with increased percent of REM fragmentation and higher REM density, independently of the genetic risks. Belonging to the highest decile in depressive symptoms was associated with a 2.9- and 7.6-fold risk of belonging to the highest tertile in REM fragmentation and density. In addition, higher PRS for somatic complaints had an independent, additive effect on increased REM fragmentation. Limitation: A single night's sleep EEG was measured, thus the night-to-night stability of the REM fragmentation-depressive symptom link is unclear. Conclusion: Depressive symptoms and genetic risk score for somatic complaints are independently associated with more fragmented REM sleep. This offers new insights on the quality of sleep and its relation to adolescents' mood.
Subject: REM
Sleep
Adolescent
Depression
Polygenic risk score
EEG
MATERNAL LICORICE CONSUMPTION
SUBTHRESHOLD DEPRESSION
PSYCHIATRIC OUTCOMES
INVENTORY
CONSOLIDATION
BRAIN
3124 Neurology and psychiatry
515 Psychology
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