Accurate measurements of atmospheric carbon dioxide and methane mole fractions at the Siberian coastal site Ambarchik

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/307442

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Reum , F , Goeckede , M , Lavric , J V , Kolle , O , Zimov , S , Zimov , N , Pallandt , M & Heimann , M 2019 , ' Accurate measurements of atmospheric carbon dioxide and methane mole fractions at the Siberian coastal site Ambarchik ' , Atmospheric Measurement Techniques , vol. 12 , no. 11 , pp. 5717-5740 . https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-12-5717-2019

Title: Accurate measurements of atmospheric carbon dioxide and methane mole fractions at the Siberian coastal site Ambarchik
Author: Reum, Friedemann; Goeckede, Mathias; Lavric, Jost V.; Kolle, Olaf; Zimov, Sergey; Zimov, Nikita; Pallandt, Martijn; Heimann, Martin
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research (INAR)
Date: 2019-10-30
Language: eng
Number of pages: 24
Belongs to series: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques
ISSN: 1867-1381
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/307442
Abstract: Sparse data coverage in the Arctic hampers our understanding of its carbon cycle dynamics and our predictions of the fate of its vast carbon reservoirs in a changing climate. In this paper, we present accurate measurements of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) dry air mole fractions at the new atmospheric carbon observation station Ambarchik, which closes a large gap in the atmospheric trace gas monitoring network in northeastern Siberia. The site, which has been operational since August 2014, is located near the delta of the Kolyma River at the coast of the Arctic Ocean. Data quality control of CO2 and CH4 measurements includes frequent calibrations traced to World Meteorological Organization (WMO) scales, employment of a novel water vapor correction, an algorithm to detect the influence of local polluters, and meteorological measurements that enable data selection. The available CO2 and CH4 record was characterized in comparison with in situ data from Barrow, Alaska. A footprint analysis reveals that the station is sensitive to signals from the East Siberian Sea, as well as the northeast Siberian tundra and taiga regions. This makes data from Ambarchik highly valuable for inverse modeling studies aimed at constraining carbon budgets within the pan-Arctic domain, as well as for regional studies focusing on Siberia and the adjacent shelf areas of the Arctic Ocean.
Subject: 1171 Geosciences
PERMAFROST CARBON
CH4 EMISSIONS
TALL TOWERS
CO2 FLUX
VULNERABILITY
CONSTRAINTS
ANALYZERS
BALANCE
WORLDS
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