Shortcut to success? : Negotiating genetic uniqueness in global biomedicine

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/307594

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Tarkkala , H & Tupasela , A 2018 , ' Shortcut to success? Negotiating genetic uniqueness in global biomedicine ' , Social Studies of Science , vol. 48 , no. 5 , pp. 740-761 . https://doi.org/10.1177/0306312718801165

Title: Shortcut to success? : Negotiating genetic uniqueness in global biomedicine
Author: Tarkkala, Heta; Tupasela, Aaro
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Academic Disciplines of the Faculty of Social Sciences
University of Helsinki, Department of Social Research (2010-2017)
Date: 2018-10
Language: eng
Number of pages: 22
Belongs to series: Social Studies of Science
ISSN: 0306-3127
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/307594
Abstract: Since the sequencing of the human genome, as well as the completion of the first Human Genome Diversity Project, the benefits of studying one human population over another has been an ongoing debate relating to the replicability of findings in other populations. The leveraging of specific populations into research markets has made headlines in cases such as deCode in Iceland, Quebec Founder Population, and Generation Scotland. In such cases, researchers and policy makers have used the genetic and historical uniqueness of their populations to attract scientific, commercial and political interest. In this article, we explore how in countries with population isolates, such as Finland, the researchers balance considerations relating to the generalization and replicability of findings in small yet unique research populations to global biomedical research interests. This highlights challenges related to forms of competition associated with genetics research markets, as well as what counts as the right' population for genetic research.
Subject: genetic homogeneity
pharmacogenomics
population branding
population genetics
stratified medicine
LINKAGE DISEQUILIBRIUM
ISOLATED POPULATION
CANCER GENETICS
FINLAND
ANCESTRY
DISEASES
PERSPECTIVE
DIFFERENCE
BIOBANKING
DIVERSITY
3111 Biomedicine
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