Treatment of gonadotropin deficiency during the first year of life: long-term observation and outcome in five boys

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Kohva , E , Huopio , H , Hietamäki , J , Hero , M , Miettinen , P J & Raivio , T 2019 , ' Treatment of gonadotropin deficiency during the first year of life: long-term observation and outcome in five boys ' , Human Reproduction , vol. 34 , no. 5 , pp. 863-871 . https://doi.org/10.1093/humrep/dez040

Title: Treatment of gonadotropin deficiency during the first year of life: long-term observation and outcome in five boys
Author: Kohva, Ella; Huopio, Hanna; Hietamäki, Johanna; Hero, Matti; Miettinen, Päivi J.; Raivio, Taneli
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Raivio Group
University of Helsinki, Doctoral Programme in Clinical Research
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Centre of Excellence in Stem Cell Metabolism
University of Helsinki, Department of Physiology
Date: 2019-05
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: Human Reproduction
ISSN: 0268-1161
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/307762
Abstract: What is the peripubertal outcome of recombinant human FSH (r-hFSH) treatment during minipuberty in boys with congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (CHH)?Sertoli-cell response to r-hFSH, given during the minipuberty of infancy, appears insufficient to maintain Sertoli cell function throughout childhood, as evaluated by inhibin B measurements.Severe CHH in boys can be diagnosed during the minipuberty of infancy. Combined gonadotropin treatment at that age is suggested to improve testicular endocrine function and future fertility, yet long-term evidence is lacking.In this retrospective cohort study, we describe five CHH boys treated with r-hFSH in Helsinki University Hospital or Kuopio University Hospital between 2004 and 2018. Immediate follow-up data (0.1–1.4 months after cessation of the gonadotropin therapy) was available for four boys and long-term observations (at the age of 10.0–12.8 years) was available for three boys. As a retrospective control cohort, we provide inhibin B values of eight untreated CHH boys at the age of 12.7–17.8 years.Four patients had combined pituitary hormone deficiency, and one had CHARGE syndrome due to a CHD7 mutation. The patients were treated at the age of 0.7–4.2 months with r-hFSH (3.4 IU/kg–7.5 IU/kg per week in 2 or 3 s.c. doses for 3–4.5 months) combined with T (25 mg i.m. monthly for three months for the treatment of micropenis). Inhibin B was chosen as the primary outcome measure.During the r-hFSH + T treatment, inhibin B increased from 76 ± 18 ng/l to 176 ± 80 ng/l (P = 0.04) and penile length increased by 81 ± 50% (P = 0.04). Unexpectedly, two boys with robust inhibin B responses in infancy demonstrated low inhibin B values in peripuberty: declining from 290 ng/l (4 months) to 16 ng/l (12.4 years), and from 207 ng/l (6 months) to 21 ng/l (12.8 years). All boys underwent orchiopexy at 2.0 ± 0.7 years of age. Inhibin B values in long-term follow-up, available for the three boys, did not significantly differ from the untreated CHH controls.Limitations of this retrospective study are the small number and heterogeneity of the patients and their treatment schemes.We describe the first long-term follow-up data on CHH boys treated with r-hFSH and T as infants. The results from this small patient series suggest that the effects of infant r-hFSH treatment may be transient, and further longitudinal studies are required to determine the efficacy of this treatment approach to optimise the fertility potential in this patient population.This work was supported by the Finnish foundation for Pediatric Research, the Academy of Finland and the Emil Aaltonen Foundation. The authors have no competing interests.Non-applicable.
Subject: ANDROGEN RECEPTOR EXPRESSION
CHH
CONGENITAL HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM
CONTINUOUS SUBCUTANEOUS INFUSION
EARLY POSTNATAL TREATMENT
FOLLICLE-STIMULATING-HORMONE
FSH
INHIBIN-B LEVELS
LUTEINIZING-HORMONE
RECOMBINANT HUMAN FSH
SERTOLI-CELLS
TESTOSTERONE
combined pituitary hormone deficiency
infant
inhibin b
micropenis
testosterone
3123 Gynaecology and paediatrics
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