Factors behind the variability of phosphorus accumulation in Finnish lakes

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Tammeorg , O , Haldna , M , Noges , P , Appleby , P , Mols , T , Niemisto , J , Tammeorg , P & Horppila , J 2018 , ' Factors behind the variability of phosphorus accumulation in Finnish lakes ' , Journal of Soils and Sediments , vol. 18 , no. 5 , pp. 2117-2129 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s11368-018-1973-8

Title: Factors behind the variability of phosphorus accumulation in Finnish lakes
Author: Tammeorg, Olga; Haldna, Marina; Noges, Peeter; Appleby, Peter; Mols, Tonu; Niemisto, Juha; Tammeorg, Priit; Horppila, Jukka
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Lake Ecosystem Dynamics
University of Helsinki, Ecosystems and Environment Research Programme
University of Helsinki, AgriChar research group
University of Helsinki, Ecosystems and Environment Research Programme
Date: 2018-05
Language: eng
Number of pages: 13
Belongs to series: Journal of Soils and Sediments
ISSN: 1439-0108
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/307852
Abstract: Phosphorus retention (TPacc) is one of the major water quality regulators in lakes. The current study aimed at ascertaining the specific lake characteristics regulating TPacc. Moreover, we were interested whether NAO (North Atlantic Oscillation), a proxy of climatic forcing, can explain variability in TPacc, additionally to that ascribed to lake characteristics. Sediment cores were obtained from 21 Finnish lakes, subject to radiometric dating and measurements of TP concentrations. Principal components (PCs) were generated using lake characteristics that are usually included into the modelling of TPacc (e.g. lake area, lake depth, catchment area, P inflow) but also the parameters that the classical models usually missed (e.g. anoxic factor). We used significant principal components (PCs), specific combinations of lake characteristics and monthly NAO values as predictors of TPacc. Lake characteristics explained the bulk of TPacc variability. The most influential factors (positive drivers) behind TPacc included PC1 (representing mainly deep lakes), PC2 (small lakes with high levels of anoxia and water column stability), PC3 (productive lakes with large catchment area and short water residence time), PC4 (lakes with high water column stability, low anoxic factor and relatively high sediment focusing) and PC5 (lakes with high levels of P inflow, anoxia and long water residence time). Additionally, we found a potential negative effect of NAO in October on the annual TPacc. This NAO was significantly positively related to temperatures in surface and near-bottom water layer (also their difference) in autumn, suggesting the possible implications for the internal P dynamics. Increased mineralization of organic matter is the most likely explanation for the reduced TPacc associated with NAO-driven water temperature increase. The analysis presented here contributes to the knowledge of the factors controlling P retention. Moreover, this spatially and temporally comprehensive sediment data can potentially be a valuable source for modelling climate change implications.
Subject: Lake characteristics
Phosphorus accumulation rate
Phosphorus retention
1172 Environmental sciences

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