Dust spectrum and polarisation at 850 mu m in the massive IRDC G035.39-00.33

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Juvela , M , Guillet , V , Liu , T , Ristorcelli , I , Pelkonen , V-M , Alina , D , Bronfman , L , Eden , D J , Kim , K T , Koch , P M , Kwon , W , Lee , C W , Malinen , J , Micelotta , E , Montillaud , J , Rawlings , M G , Sanhueza , P , Soam , A , Traficante , A , Ysard , N & Zhang , C-P 2018 , ' Dust spectrum and polarisation at 850 mu m in the massive IRDC G035.39-00.33 ' , Astronomy & Astrophysics , vol. 620 , A26 . https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201833245

Title: Dust spectrum and polarisation at 850 mu m in the massive IRDC G035.39-00.33
Author: Juvela, Mika; Guillet, Vincent; Liu, Tie; Ristorcelli, Isabelle; Pelkonen, Veli-Matti; Alina, Dana; Bronfman, Leonardo; Eden, David J.; Kim, Kee Tae; Koch, Patrick M.; Kwon, Woojin; Lee, Chang Won; Malinen, Johanna; Micelotta, Elisabetta; Montillaud, Julien; Rawlings, Mark G.; Sanhueza, Patricio; Soam, Archana; Traficante, Alessio; Ysard, Nathalie; Zhang, Chuan-Peng
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
Date: 2018-11-23
Language: eng
Number of pages: 29
Belongs to series: Astronomy & Astrophysics
ISSN: 1432-0746
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/307874
Abstract: Context. The sub-millimetre polarisation of dust emission from star-forming clouds carries information on grain properties and on the effects that magnetic fields have on cloud evolution. Aims. Using observations of a dense filamentary cloud G035.39-00.33, we aim to characterise the dust emission properties and the variations of the polarisation fraction. Methods. JCMT SCUBA-2/POL-2 observations at 850 mu m were combined with Planck 850 mu m (353 GHz) data to map polarisation fraction at small and large scales. With previous total intensity SCUBA-2 observations (450 and 850 mu m) and Herschel data, the column densities were determined via modified black-body fits and via radiative transfer modelling. Models were constructed to examine how the observed polarisation angles and fractions depend on potential magnetic field geometries and grain alignment processes. Results. POL-2 data show clear changes in the magnetic field orientation. These are not in contradiction with the uniform orientation and almost constant polarisation fraction seen by Planck, because of the difference in the beam sizes and the POL-2 data being affected by spatial filtering. The filament has a peak column density of N(H-2) similar to 7 x 10(22) cm(-2), a minimum dust temperature of T similar to 12 K, and a mass of similar to 4300 M-circle dot for the area N(H-2) > 5 x 10(21) cm(-2). The estimated average value of the dust opacity spectral index is beta similar to 1.9. The ratio of sub-millimetre and J-band optical depths is tau (250 mu m)/tau(J) similar to 2.5 x 10(-3), more than four times the typical values for diffuse medium. The polarisation fraction decreases as a function of column density to p similar to 1% in the central filament. Because of noise, the observed decrease of p(N) is significant only at N(H-2) > 2 x 10(22) cm(-2). The observations suggest that the grain alignment is not constant. Although the data can be explained with a complete loss of alignment at densities above similar to 10(4) cm(-3) or using the predictions of radiative torques alignment, the uncertainty of the field geometry and the spatial filtering of the SCUBA-2 data prevent strong conclusions. Conclusions. The G035.39-00.33 filament shows strong signs of dust evolution and the low polarisation fraction is suggestive of a loss of polarised emission from its densest parts.
Subject: ISM: clouds
infrared: ISM
submillimeter: ISM
dust, extinction
stars: formation
stars: protostars
GOULD BELT SURVEY
MAGNETIC-FIELD
GRAIN ALIGNMENT
MOLECULAR CLOUD
DARK CLOUD
RADIATIVE TORQUES
INFRARED OBSERVATIONS
SCUBA-2 OBSERVATIONS
TAURUS
POLARIMETRY
115 Astronomy, Space science
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