Knowledge, punitive attitudes and punitive gap : Finnish findings

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dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Institute of Criminology and Legal Policy en
dc.contributor.author Kääriäinen, Juha Tapio
dc.date.accessioned 2019-12-04T15:29:01Z
dc.date.available 2019-12-04T15:29:01Z
dc.date.issued 2019-12
dc.identifier.citation Kääriäinen , J T 2019 , ' Knowledge, punitive attitudes and punitive gap : Finnish findings ' , European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research , vol. 25 , no. 4 , pp. 409–425 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s10610-018-9384-3 en
dc.identifier.issn 0928-1371
dc.identifier.other PURE: 105997712
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 745249db-77b4-40b8-b28c-9492f899991c
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85046415555
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000497510600005
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0001-7357-9795/work/65677180
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/307918
dc.description.abstract The aim of this study was to examine the empirical connections of three phenomena among the Finnish population: (1) the level of knowledge on the crime situation and the criminal justice system; (2) the general punitive attitude and (3) sentence decisions in certain concrete crime cases using vignettes. The same vignettes were shown to professional judges to study the punitive gap between laypeople and judges. The research subjects are a representative sample of the population (N = 1251) and district court judges (N = 192). The research resulted in four main findings: (1) a higher level of knowledge among laypeople mitigates their punitive attitudes, (2) information included in the case vignettes is associated with the sentence decisions of laypeople in different ways, depending on the characteristics of the case; punitive gap varies greatly, (3) level of knowledge is, in general, a poor predictor for the severity of the sentence decisions of laypeople and (4) the general punitive attitude is, at best, a weak predictor for the severity of sentence decisions of laypeople. In conclusion, laypeople’s decisions are probably affected partly by the same legal factors as the professional judges’ decisions and partly by attitudes that are expressly related to features of the cases in question. fi
dc.format.extent 17
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research
dc.rights en
dc.subject 5142 Social policy en
dc.subject knowledge en
dc.subject punitive attitude en
dc.subject punishment en
dc.subject sentencing en
dc.subject public-opinion en
dc.title Knowledge, punitive attitudes and punitive gap : Finnish findings en
dc.type Article
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1007/s10610-018-9384-3
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/other
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.contributor.pbl

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