Homing age influences the prevalence of aggressive and avoidance-related behaviour in adult dogs

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dc.contributor.author Jokinen, Olli
dc.contributor.author Appleby, David
dc.contributor.author Sandbacka-Saxen, Sofi
dc.contributor.author Appleby, Tuulia
dc.contributor.author Valros, Anna
dc.date.accessioned 2019-12-09T09:42:01Z
dc.date.available 2019-12-09T09:42:01Z
dc.date.issued 2017-10
dc.identifier.citation Jokinen , O , Appleby , D , Sandbacka-Saxen , S , Appleby , T & Valros , A 2017 , ' Homing age influences the prevalence of aggressive and avoidance-related behaviour in adult dogs ' , Applied Animal Behaviour Science , vol. 195 , pp. 87-92 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2017.06.003
dc.identifier.other PURE: 91428605
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: d6b669cd-6582-4821-87e3-786cfb4741ba
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000412259000013
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85021900328
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-4431-3346/work/48607413
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/307995
dc.description.abstract Homing puppies before 8 weeks has been associated with lower instance of avoidance and types of aggression in adult dogs. The current study aimed to further assess the impact of homing age on these behaviours in adult dogs. Finnish dogs provide an interesting population for this further study, as based on the clinical experience of the co-authors, puppies in Finland are predominantly reared in domestic maternal environments before first homing, which was not the case in the countries where previous studies have been performed. Online questionnaire-based data on frequencies of problematic behaviours (n = 3689) were analysed using Chi-Square, comparing adult dogs homed at 6-7 weeks (6-7), 8 weeks (8), 9-12 weeks (9-12) and 13-16 weeks (13-16). 31% were 6-7, 41% 8, 23% 9-12, 5% 13-16. If an overall association was observed, pairwise comparisons between homing age groups were conducted. All of the dogs included in the study came from domestic maternal environments, where the puppies were kept in the breeders' living quarters. Homing age was associated with avoiding, growling and snapping at unfamiliar people when away from the home environment (p = 0.004, p = 0.02 and p = 0.008, respectively); avoiding, barking at, growling at and snapping at unfamiliar people visiting the home (p = 0.02, p = 0.02, p = 0.04 and p = 0.03, respectively) and barking at unfamiliar dogs when away from the home environment (p = 0.001). With one exception, dogs homed later than 8 weeks, namely during weeks 9-12 and 13-16, had higher than expected prevalence of avoidance and aggressive behaviour than dogs homed at other ages. The exception being that for the measure, barking at unfamiliar dogs away from the home environment, there were higher than expected values in dogs homed at 8 and 13-16 weeks and lower in dogs homed at 6-7 and 9-12 weeks. This research supports the view that homing age is associated with instances of avoidance behaviour and some types of aggression in adult dogs. en
dc.format.extent 6
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Applied Animal Behaviour Science
dc.rights cc_by_nc_nd
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Canine
dc.subject Behaviour
dc.subject Homing age
dc.subject Aggression
dc.subject Dog
dc.subject Puppy
dc.subject 413 Veterinary science
dc.title Homing age influences the prevalence of aggressive and avoidance-related behaviour in adult dogs en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Departments of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
dc.contributor.organization Production Animal Medicine
dc.contributor.organization Research Centre for Animal Welfare
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2017.06.003
dc.relation.issn 0168-1591
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version acceptedVersion

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