Thermal behavior of green roofs under Nordic winter conditions

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Collins , S , Kuoppamäki , K , Kotze , D J & Lü , X 2017 , ' Thermal behavior of green roofs under Nordic winter conditions ' , Building and Environment , vol. 122 , pp. 206-214 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2017.06.020

Title: Thermal behavior of green roofs under Nordic winter conditions
Author: Collins, Steven; Kuoppamäki, Kirsi; Kotze, David J.; Lü, Xiaoshu
Contributor organization: Environmental Sciences
Fifth Dimension - Vegetated roofs and walls in urban areas
Urban Ecosystems
Date: 2017
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: Building and Environment
ISSN: 0360-1323
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2017.06.020
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/308075
Abstract: To understand how green roofs affect building energy performance under cold climatic conditions, a proper thermal analysis of the roof and its components is required. To address this, we measured the thermal conductivity of each layer of experimental green roofs, as well as equivalent thermal resistance of the complete green roof system during winter conditions in southern Finland. Three experimental green roof platforms (1 m x 2 m) with heated boxes and three identical bare roof platforms (without substrate, vegetation and other green roof layers) were equipped with thermocouples that continuously measured a vertical temperature profile through the roofs. A steady-state heat transfer analysis was performed to assess the functioning and relative thermal performance of the green roof systems. Layer analysis at various intensities of frost penetration showed that the thermal conductivity of each layer decreased when penetrated by frost. In particular, thermal conductivity of the substrate and vegetation layers decreased from 0.41 Wm(-1)K(-1) and 0.34 Wm(-1) K-1 prior to freezing, to 0.12 Wm(-1) K-1 and 0.10 Wm(-1) K-1 after freezing, respectively. This phenomenon is explained by a reduction in bridge-water connectivity during freezing and a volumetric water content that was below the critical threshold value. Overall, a frost depth that extended through the complete green roof yielded the greatest equivalent thermal resistance. During times of snow cover, snow acted as an insulator and reduced the relative energy saving benefits achieved by green roofs. These results provide information for designing the substrate and vegetation layers of green roofs for optimal insulation. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: 1172 Environmental sciences
Green roof
Thermal conductivity
Heat flux
Energy saving
Winter conditions
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by_nc_nd
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: acceptedVersion


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