The Mirror in Vedic India : Its ancient use, and its present relevance in dating texts

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Parpola , A 2019 , ' The Mirror in Vedic India : Its ancient use, and its present relevance in dating texts ' , Studia Orientalia Electronica , vol. 7 , pp. 1-29 . https://doi.org/10.23993/store.76275

Title: The Mirror in Vedic India : Its ancient use, and its present relevance in dating texts
Author: Parpola, Asko
Contributor organization: Department of World Cultures 2010-2017
Date: 2019
Language: eng
Number of pages: 29
Belongs to series: Studia Orientalia Electronica
ISSN: 2323-5209
DOI: https://doi.org/10.23993/store.76275
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/308435
Abstract: The major first part of the paper collects as exhaustively as possible all references to 'mirror' occurring in Vedic literature (c. 1200-300 BCE), and presents them with sufficient context in Sanskrit and English in order to show how and why the mirror was used in Vedic rituals and Vedic culture in general, and what meaning was ascribed to it. The second part of the paper discusses a fact of major significance that emerges from this recording: in the extensive older Vedic literature of the Saṃhitās, Brāhmaṇas and Śrautasūtras (excepting the late Kātyāyana-Śrautasūtra) there is no reference to the mirror at all. Therefore it seems likely that the mirror was not known in Vedic India until it was introduced to South Asia from the Persian Empire at the end of the sixth century BCE. The later Vedic literature, starting possibly with the Āraṇyakas, but definitely with the early Upaniṣads, postdates 500 BCE. So far we have lacked a similar firm date for Vedic literature.
Subject: 614 Theology
mirror
Veda
dating
Upaniṣads
Gṛhyasūtras
Persia
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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