Discussions about indigenous, national and transnational Islam in Russia

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Aitamurto , K 2019 , ' Discussions about indigenous, national and transnational Islam in Russia ' , Religion, State and Society , vol. 47 , no. 2 , pp. 198-213 . https://doi.org/10.1080/09637494.2019.1582933

Title: Discussions about indigenous, national and transnational Islam in Russia
Author: Aitamurto, Kaarina
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Russian and Eurasian Studies (Aleksanteri Institute)
Date: 2019-03-15
Language: eng
Number of pages: 16
Belongs to series: Religion, State and Society
ISSN: 0963-7494
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/308561
Abstract: Transnational Islam is increasingly presented in the Russian political rhetoric as a security threat. Therefore, Russian politicians and authorities attempt to support indigenous or national forms of Islam. Similar policies are implemented in several western European countries. Yet they tend to disregard the heterogeneity of the Muslim community, they create exclusions and they are often conceived as imposing outside evaluations and interpretations on Islam. This contribution analyses initiatives intended to develop a national Islam in post-Soviet Russia. While the aims, methods and problems in different countries are often quite similar, the values and norms underlying these initiatives vary and reflect the societies from which they emerge. This contribution argues that since the 1990s, the changes in the political line of the Kremlin have impacted the project for a ‘national’ Islam by placing less emphasis on liberal values and more emphasis on adherence to loyalism and political conservatism.
Subject: 6160 Other humanities
614 Theology
Uskontotiede
Islam
Russia
governance of Islam
religious minorities
transnational religious identities
ORTHODOX-CHURCH
INSTITUTIONALIZATION
SECURITIZATION
REPRESENTATION
DOMESTICATION
LANGUAGE
IDENTITY
RELIGION
MUSLIMS
BORDERS
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