Sacred Heritage of Indigenous Peoples: Who Has the Power? : Using critical discourse analysis to examine the existing power relations in the heritage field

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dc.contributor Helsingin yliopisto, Humanistinen tiedekunta fi
dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Faculty of Arts en
dc.contributor Helsingfors universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten sv Vamio, Ida 2019
dc.identifier.uri URN:NBN:fi:hulib-201912194220
dc.description.abstract The cultural and sacred heritage of indigenous peoples is in a vulnerable position, because of the general threats cultural and religious heritage are facing around the world and because indigenous peoples are often not in a position where their wishes and needs are listened to. In addition to this, indigenous heritage may require a special approach and the following of certain rules, which may clash with existing heritage practices. This thesis researches how the sacred heritage of indigenous peoples is discussed through analyzing documents pertaining to the subject of indigenous sacred heritage and discusses how this may affect the way this heritage is approached in practice. It focuses on the following question: who has the power to manage and care for the indigenous sacred heritage? Additionally, it analyzes how these documents accommodate the rights of indigenous peoples, if they do so at all. It attempts to reveal this by critically examining the discourses found within the texts. The core of the thesis discusses the visible and implicit power relations present in the heritage practices and the wider sector involving the indigenous sacred heritage. The primary source material consists of the Sacred Natural Sites – Guidelines for Protected Area Managers compiled by IUCN, the Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance, its practice note The Burra Charter and Indigenous Cultural Heritage Management and the Statement on Indigenous Cultural Heritage, produced by Australia ICOMOS. Critical Discourse Analysis is used as an analysis method and approach. The theoretical framework is based on the ideas presented in the Critical Heritage Studies, more specifically the Politics of Scale, concerning the issue of scale in the heritage field, and how heritage has commonly been understood and managed through the Authorized Heritage Discourse. The thesis shows that the existing power relations clearly preference the national scale of heritage, as well as the heritage practitioners in the management and overall control of indigenous sacred heritage. While the involvement of indigenous peoples is at times encouraged and even demanded, and some discourses present in the text give full control to indigenous peoples, these people ultimately have very little authority in the matters related to their heritage. The rights of indigenous peoples are only somewhat accommodated in the analyzed texts, partially due to the strong influence of the national scale, because the acknowledgment of the rights of indigenous peoples varies by country. en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Helsingin yliopisto fi
dc.publisher University of Helsinki en
dc.publisher Helsingfors universitet sv
dc.subject indigenous sacred heritage
dc.subject sacred natural sites
dc.subject indigenous peoples
dc.subject heritage management
dc.subject power relations
dc.subject politics of scale
dc.subject critical discourse analysis
dc.title Sacred Heritage of Indigenous Peoples: Who Has the Power? : Using critical discourse analysis to examine the existing power relations in the heritage field en
dc.type.ontasot pro gradu -tutkielmat fi
dc.type.ontasot master's thesis en
dc.type.ontasot pro gradu-avhandlingar sv
dct.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:hulib-201912194220
dc.subject.specialization Uskontotiede fi
dc.subject.specialization Study of Religions en
dc.subject.specialization Religionsvetenskap sv
dc.subject.degreeprogram Kulttuuriperinnön maisteriohjelma fi
dc.subject.degreeprogram Master's Programme in Cultural Heritage en
dc.subject.degreeprogram Magisterprogrammet i kulturarv sv

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