Site fertility drives temporal turnover of vegetation at high latitudes

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dc.contributor.author Maliniemi, Tuija
dc.contributor.author Happonen, Konsta
dc.contributor.author Virtanen, Risto
dc.date.accessioned 2019-12-19T12:54:02Z
dc.date.available 2019-12-19T12:54:02Z
dc.date.issued 2019-10-29
dc.identifier.citation Maliniemi , T , Happonen , K & Virtanen , R 2019 , ' Site fertility drives temporal turnover of vegetation at high latitudes ' , Ecology and Evolution , no. 9 , pp. 13255–13266 . https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.5778
dc.identifier.other PURE: 127743620
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: de6b0d99-7123-4b0a-8e41-1b19910d837a
dc.identifier.other RIS: urn:2A2808E36EAE8E563047A0ED72BC1495
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000492966100001
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/308613
dc.description.abstract Experimental evidence shows that site fertility is a key modulator underlying plant community changes under climate change. Communities on fertile sites, with species having fast dynamics, have been found to react more strongly to climate change than communities on infertile sites with slow dynamics. However, it is still unclear whether this generally applies to high-latitude plant communities in natural environments at broad spatial scales. We tested a hypothesis that vegetation of fertile sites experiences greater changes over several decades and thus would be more responsive under contemporary climate change compared to infertile sites that are expected to show more resistance. We resurveyed understorey communities (vascular plants, bryophytes, and lichens) of four infertile and four fertile forest sites along a latitudinal bioclimatic gradient. Sites had remained outside direct human disturbance. We analyzed the magnitude of temporal community turnover, changes in the abundances of plant morphological groups and strategy classes, and changes in species diversity. In agreement with our hypothesis, temporal turnover of communities was consistently greater on fertile sites compared to infertile sites. However, our results suggest that the larger turnover of fertile communities is not primarily related to the direct effects of climatic warming. Furthermore, community changes in both fertile and infertile sites showed remarkable variation in terms of shares of plant functional groups and strategy classes and measures of species diversity. This further emphasizes the essential role of baseline environmental conditions and nonclimatic drivers underlying vegetation changes. Our results show that site fertility is a key determinant of the overall rate of high-latitude vegetation changes but the composition of plant communities in different ecological contexts is variously impacted by nonclimatic drivers over time. en
dc.format.extent 12
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Ecology and Evolution
dc.rights cc_by
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
dc.subject community stability
dc.subject dynamic macroecology
dc.subject long-term research
dc.subject plant community
dc.subject plant strategies
dc.subject site fertility
dc.subject vegetation resurvey
dc.subject FLORA
dc.subject CLIMATE-CHANGE
dc.subject HOMOGENIZATION
dc.subject TUNDRA
dc.subject FORESTS
dc.subject RESPONSES
dc.subject PLANT-COMMUNITIES
dc.subject BRYOPHYTES
dc.subject NITROGEN DEPOSITION
dc.subject RESISTANCE
dc.title Site fertility drives temporal turnover of vegetation at high latitudes en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Department of Geosciences and Geography
dc.contributor.organization Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)
dc.contributor.organization Kilpisjärvi Biological Station
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.5778
dc.relation.issn 2045-7758
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version draft

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