Analysis of factors affecting the pregnancy rate of mares after inseminations with cooled transported stallion semen

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Kareskoski , M , Venhoranta , H , Virtala , A-M & Katila , T 2019 , ' Analysis of factors affecting the pregnancy rate of mares after inseminations with cooled transported stallion semen ' , Theriogenology , vol. 127 , pp. 7-14 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2018.12.036

Title: Analysis of factors affecting the pregnancy rate of mares after inseminations with cooled transported stallion semen
Author: Kareskoski, Maria; Venhoranta, Heli; Virtala, Anna-Maija; Katila, Terttu
Contributor organization: Production Animal Medicine
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Genome-Scale Biology (GSB) Research Program
Anna-Maija Kristiina Virtala / Principal Investigator
Veterinary Microbiology and Epidemiology
Veterinary Biosciences
Departments of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
DAPHNE - Developing Assessment Practices in Higher Education
Animal Reproduction Science
Teachers' Academy
Date: 2019-03-15
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Theriogenology
ISSN: 0093-691X
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2018.12.036
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/308875
Abstract: Artificial insemination (AI) with cooled stallion semen has increased markedly during the last decades in all countries, but fertility is often lower than when fresh semen or natural mating is used. The objective of this study was to examine field data (1634,cycles 523 Standardbred (SB) mares, 575 Finnhorse (FH) mares, and 90 stallions) using multivariable logistic regression for factors influencing the pregnancy rate (PR) after Al with cooled transported semen from SB and FH stallions. The PR per cycle for the material was 47%: Finnhorses 42% and Standardbreds 53%. When assessed with multivariable logistic regression analyses with a generalized linear mixed model, variables that affected the PR were breed, the number of inseminated estrus cycles, the percentage of progressively motile sperm (PMOT) in the ejaculate/AI dose at the time of shipment, and the number of progressively motile sperm in the Al dose at the time of insemination. In Standardbreds, variables that increased the per cycle PR were the number of Al per estrus cycle (multiple inseminations increasing the probability of pregnancy compared to only one insemination), the number of inseminated cycles, and PMOT in the AI dose at the time of insemination. In Finnhorses, the number of Al per estrus cycle (two and three inseminations increasing the probability of pregnancy compared to only one), the number of spermatozoa in the ejaculate and in the Al dose, and PMOT in the ejaculate/AI dose at the time of shipment increased the per cycle PR. Non-significant factors for the whole material included the type of artificial vagina (open-ended or closed), transport time, place of Al (stud farm or home stable), insemination done by veterinarian or technician, weekday, month, age of the mare (all age classes combined), age of the stallion, ejaculate parameters (sperm concentration, total number of sperm), and insemination dose parameters (volume proportion of seminal plasma, sperm concentration, PMOT, total number of sperm). In conclusion, breed, breeding opportunity in more than one cycle, more than one insemination/estrus, PMOT of the ejaculate/AI dose and the number of progressively motile sperm in the Al dose at the time of insemination are important for the outcome of inseminations with cooled semen. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Subject: Horse
Fertility
Insemination dose
Seminal plasma
Progressive sperm motility
Sperm numbers
EQUINE SPERMATOZOAL MOTILITY
SEMINAL PLASMA
THOROUGHBRED MARES
REPRODUCTIVE-PERFORMANCE
MOTION CHARACTERISTICS
SPERM MOTILITY
FERTILITY
NUMBER
COLLECTION
EXTENDER
413 Veterinary science
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by_nc_nd
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: acceptedVersion


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