The Collapse of the Akkadian Empire : A Review of Historical and Textual Sources

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dc.contributor Helsingin yliopisto, Humanistinen tiedekunta, Filosofian, historian, kulttuurin ja taiteiden tutkimuksen laitos 2010-2017 fi
dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy, History, Culture and Art Studies 2010-2017 en
dc.contributor Helsingfors universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för filosofi, historia, kultur- och konstforskning 2010-2017 sv
dc.contributor.author Virtanen, Nikolas
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.uri URN:NBN:fi:hulib-201912204261
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/309113
dc.description.abstract The latter stages of the 3rd Millennium BC saw the rise and collapse of the Akkadian Empire. Although their system of political organization was not necessarily invented by the Akkadians, they developed it much further than had been done ever before - with a centralized state power that had hegemony over most of Mesopotamia and kings that developed new ideologies of world dominion to legitimize their rule. Yet, as spectacular as the Empire might have been, so too was its sudden collapse. Due to the scarcity of our sources, the causes and events that eventually led to the collapse are enigmatic to us. Several theories have been presented, and especially the rise of palaeoclimatology and its methods have produced new theories as to why the Akkadian Empire collapsed. This thesis is an in-depth review and examination of the historical and textual sources that concern themselves with the Akkadian collapse, with the purpose of assessing their reliability and to compare and reflect them against the prevailing theories. These sources include royal inscriptions, letters, chronicles, king lists and literary compositions. All sources are examined through translations to modern languages. The results show how most of the theories have contradictions and issues relating to the textual sources. The fact of the matter is that with present sources no assured conclusions can be drawn, and it will take a breakthrough in discoveries – notably of the Akkadian capital – before any more light can be shed on the matter. en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Helsingin yliopisto fi
dc.publisher University of Helsinki en
dc.publisher Helsingfors universitet sv
dc.subject Akkad
dc.subject Societal Collapse
dc.subject Mesopotamia
dc.subject Assyriology
dc.subject palaeoclimatology
dc.title The Collapse of the Akkadian Empire : A Review of Historical and Textual Sources en
dc.type.ontasot pro gradu -tutkielmat fi
dc.type.ontasot master's thesis en
dc.type.ontasot pro gradu-avhandlingar sv
dc.subject.discipline yleinen historia fi
dc.subject.discipline General History en
dc.subject.discipline allmän historia sv
dct.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:hulib-201912204261

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