Temporal change of the Baltic Sea-North Sea blue mussel hybrid zone over two decades

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/309220

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Strelkov , P , Katolikova , M & Vainola , R 2017 , ' Temporal change of the Baltic Sea-North Sea blue mussel hybrid zone over two decades ' , Marine Biology , vol. 164 , no. 11 , 214 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s00227-017-3249-z

Title: Temporal change of the Baltic Sea-North Sea blue mussel hybrid zone over two decades
Author: Strelkov, Petr; Katolikova, Marina; Vainola, Risto
Contributor organization: Finnish Museum of Natural History
Zoology
Risto Väinölä / Principal Investigator
Tvärminne Zoological Station
Date: 2017-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 14
Belongs to series: Marine Biology
ISSN: 0025-3162
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00227-017-3249-z
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/309220
Abstract: In a temporal comparison over 18 years, we documented changes in the position and structure of the North European blue mussel hybrid zone in the resund strait, between Mytilus edulis of the marine Kattegat and Mytilus trossulus of the brackish Baltic Sea. In 1987 the midpoint of the 140-km wide multilocus allozyme cline in shallow-water populations was estimated to be located halfway along the strait. In 2005, it was shifted 25 km towards the Baltic end of the Oresund, and was located near the fixed link (bridge) that was built across the strait meanwhile in the 1990s. The cline also appeared to have become narrower and the extent of hybridity among individuals decreased. Factors that theoretically can control the position and shape of a clinal hybrid zone involve environmental gradients between habitats that differentially favor the two hybridizing taxa, or barriers to geographical dispersal of the organism. We consider two alternative hypotheses to explain the movement of the mussel hybrid zone. (1) Environmental change related to climate warming: the more stenothermal M. trossulus was pushed out from the resund towards the cool Baltic by elevated temperatures. (2) Change of dispersal dynamics: the construction of the fixed link locally affected mussel dispersion which attracted the zone. We raise the question whether similar changes have taken place also in the other euryhaline taxa where genetic clines between Baltic vs. Kattegat populations occur.
Subject: MYTILUS-EDULIS L.
Mytilus trossulus
EUROPEAN POPULATIONS
LOCAL ADAPTATION
CONNECTIVITY PATTERNS
COD GADUS-MORHUA
WATER TEMPERATURE
GENETIC-STRUCTURE
MACOMA-BALTHICA
TRANSITION ZONE
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: unspecified
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: acceptedVersion


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