Assessing log geometry and wood quality in standing timber using terrestrial laser-scanning point clouds

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Pyorala , J , Kankare , V , Liang , X , Saarinen , N , Rikala , J , Kivinen , V-P , Sipi , M , Holopainen , M , Hyyppa , J & Vastaranta , M 2019 , ' Assessing log geometry and wood quality in standing timber using terrestrial laser-scanning point clouds ' , Forestry , vol. 92 , no. 2 , pp. 177-187 . https://doi.org/10.1093/forestry/cpy044

Title: Assessing log geometry and wood quality in standing timber using terrestrial laser-scanning point clouds
Author: Pyorala, Jiri; Kankare, Ville; Liang, Xinlian; Saarinen, Ninni; Rikala, Juha; Kivinen, Veli-Pekka; Sipi, Marketta; Holopainen, Markus; Hyyppa, Juha; Vastaranta, Mikko
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Laboratory of Forest Resources Management and Geo-information Science
University of Helsinki, Forest Health Group
University of Helsinki, Forest Health Group
University of Helsinki, Department of Forest Sciences
University of Helsinki, Department of Forest Sciences
University of Helsinki, Department of Forest Sciences
University of Helsinki, Department of Forest Sciences
University of Helsinki, Department of Forest Sciences
Date: 2019-04
Language: eng
Number of pages: 11
Belongs to series: Forestry
ISSN: 0015-752X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/309232
Abstract: Wood procurement in sawmills could be improved by resolving detailed three-dimensional stem geometry references from standing timber. This could be achieved, using the increasingly available terrestrial point clouds from various sources. Here, we collected terrestrial laser-scanning (TLS) data from 52 Scots pines (Pinus sylvestris L.) with the purpose of evaluating the accuracy of the log geometry and analysing its relationship with wood quality. For reference, the log-specific top-end diameter, volume, tapering, sweep, basic density and knottiness were measured in a sawmill. We produced stem models from the TLS data and bucked them into logs similar to those measured in the sawmill. In comparison to the sawmill data, the log-specific TLS-based top-end diameter, volume, taper and sweep estimates showed relative mean differences of 1.6, -2.4, -3.0 and 78 per cent, respectively. The correlation coefficients between increasing taper and decreasing wood density and whorl-to-whorl distances were 0.49 and -0.51, respectively. Although the stem-model geometry was resolved from the point clouds with similar accuracy to that at the sawmills, the remaining uncertainty in defining the sweep and linking the wood quality with stem geometry may currently limit the method's feasibilities. Instead of static TLS, mobile platforms would likely be more suitable for operational point cloud data acquisition.
Subject: 4112 Forestry
PINUS-SYLVESTRIS KNOTS
SCOTS PINE
COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY
DIAMETER ESTIMATION
TREE MODELS
MATURE WOOD
CROWN RATIO
STEM
SAWLOGS
SPRUCE
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