Diversity and ecological adaptations in Palaeogene lichens

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dc.contributor.author Kaasalainen, Ulla
dc.contributor.author Schmidt, Alexander R.
dc.contributor.author Rikkinen, Jouko
dc.date.accessioned 2020-01-13T13:39:03Z
dc.date.available 2020-01-13T13:39:03Z
dc.date.issued 2017-04-24
dc.identifier.citation Kaasalainen , U , Schmidt , A R & Rikkinen , J 2017 , ' Diversity and ecological adaptations in Palaeogene lichens ' , Nature plants , vol. 3 , no. 5 , 17049 . https://doi.org/10.1038/nplants.2017.49
dc.identifier.other PURE: 83348693
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: dd62af7f-bcc9-493e-a690-9e9f0aac178f
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85019014642
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000404896700005
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-4615-6639/work/39203077
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0001-9899-4768/work/106338646
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/309447
dc.description.abstract Lichens are highly specialized symbioses between heterotrophic fungi and photoautotrophic green algae or cyanobacteria. The mycobionts of many lichens produce morphologically complex thalli to house their photobionts. Lichens play important roles in ecosystems and have been used as indicators of environmental change. Here we report the finding of 152 new fossil lichens from European Palaeogene amber, and hence increase the total number of known fossil lichens from 15 to 167. Most of the fossils represent extant lineages of the Lecanoromycetes, an almost exclusively lichen-symbiotic class of Ascomycota. The fossil lichens show a wide diversity of morphological adaptations that attached epiphytic thalli to their substrates, helped to combine external water storage with effective gas exchange and facilitated the simultaneous reproduction and dispersal of both partners in symbiosis. The fossil thallus morphologies suggest that the climate of European Palaeogene amber forests was relatively humid and most likely temperate. en
dc.format.extent 8
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Nature plants
dc.rights unspecified
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
dc.title Diversity and ecological adaptations in Palaeogene lichens en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Biosciences
dc.contributor.organization Lichens
dc.contributor.organization Plant Biology
dc.contributor.organization Viikki Plant Science Centre (ViPS)
dc.contributor.organization Teachers' Academy
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1038/nplants.2017.49
dc.relation.issn 2055-026X
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version acceptedVersion

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