Toward the Baltic Sea Socioeconomic Action Plan

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/309449

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Ollikainen , M , Hasler , B , Elofsson , K , Iho , A , Andersen , H , Czajkowski , M & Peterson , K 2019 , ' Toward the Baltic Sea Socioeconomic Action Plan ' , Ambio , vol. 48 , no. 11 , pp. 1377-1388 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-019-01264-0

Title: Toward the Baltic Sea Socioeconomic Action Plan
Author: Ollikainen, Markku; Hasler, Berit; Elofsson, Katarina; Iho, Antti; Andersen, Hans; Czajkowski, Mikołaj; Peterson, Kaja
Contributor organization: Department of Economics and Management
Markku Ollikainen / Principal Investigator
Environmental and Resource Economics
Date: 2019-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: Ambio
ISSN: 0044-7447
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-019-01264-0
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/309449
Abstract: Abstract This paper analyzes the main weaknesses and key avenues for improvement of nutrient policies in the Baltic Sea region. HELCOM’s Baltic Sea Action Plan (BSAP), accepted by the Baltic Sea countries in 2007, was based on an innovative ecological modeling of the Baltic Sea environment and addressed the impact of the combination of riverine loading and transfer of nutrients on the ecological status of the sea and its sub-basins. We argue, however, that the assigned country-specific targets of nutrient loading do not reach the same level of sophistication, because they are not based on careful economic and policy analysis. We show an increasing gap between the state-of-the-art policy alternatives and the existing command-and-control-based approaches to the protection of the Baltic Sea environment and outline the most important steps for a Baltic Sea Socioeconomic Action Plan. It is time to raise the socioeconomic design of nutrient policies to the same level of sophistication as the ecological foundations of the BSAP. Keywords Cost-effectiveness Incentives Innovation Manure Performance-based policyAbstract This paper analyzes the main weaknesses and key avenues for improvement of nutrient policies in the Baltic Sea region. HELCOM’s Baltic Sea Action Plan (BSAP), accepted by the Baltic Sea countries in 2007, was based on an innovative ecological modeling of the Baltic Sea environment and addressed the impact of the combination of riverine loading and transfer of nutrients on the ecological status of the sea and its sub-basins. We argue, however, that the assigned country-specific targets of nutrient loading do not reach the same level of sophistication, because they are not based on careful economic and policy analysis. We show an increasing gap between the state-of-the-art policy alternatives and the existing command-and-control-based approaches to the protection of the Baltic Sea environment and outline the most important steps for a Baltic Sea Socioeconomic Action Plan. It is time to raise the socioeconomic design of nutrient policies to the same level of sophistication as the ecological foundations of the BSAP. Keywords Cost-effectiveness Incentives Innovation Manure Performance-based policy
Subject: CONSERVATION
Cost-effectiveness
Incentives
Innovation
Manure
NUTRIENT ABATEMENT
PARTICIPATION
PHOSPHORUS
POLLUTION-CONTROL
PROGRAM
Performance-based policy
WATER-QUALITY MANAGEMENT
511 Economics
1172 Environmental sciences
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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