Diversity of lichen-associated filamentous fungi preserved in European Paleogene amber

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/309534

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Kettunen , E J , Schmidt , A , Diederich , P , Grabenhorst , H & Rikkinen , J 2018 , ' Diversity of lichen-associated filamentous fungi preserved in European Paleogene amber ' , Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh , vol. 107 , no. 2-3 , pp. 311-320 . https://doi.org/10.1017/S1755691017000111

Title: Diversity of lichen-associated filamentous fungi preserved in European Paleogene amber
Author: Kettunen, Elina Johanna; Schmidt, Alexander; Diederich, Paul; Grabenhorst, Heinrich; Rikkinen, Jouko
Contributor organization: Biosciences
Lichens
Finnish Museum of Natural History
Viikki Plant Science Centre (ViPS)
Plant Biology
Organismal and Evolutionary Biology Research Programme
Teachers' Academy
Date: 2018-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh
ISSN: 1755-6910
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1755691017000111
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/309534
Abstract: A diversity of filamentous microfungi was discovered from thallus surfaces of epiphytic lichens preserved in Bitterfeld and Baltic amber. We report seven distinct morphologies of dematiaceous hyphomycetes, some of which closely resemble species of the extant genera Sporidesmium, Taeniolella s. lat. and Taeniolina. Both the placement of the fungi on their substrates and the exquisite preservation of delicate structures indicate that the fungi were fully developed before they were engulfed by fresh resin. The lichens probably grew on the trunks of resin producing trees and became embedded in resin flows together with their fungal associates. The findings demonstrate that a wide range of presumably specialised fungi have lived on living and decomposing lichen thalli at least since the Paleogene. The findings add an interesting new component to the as yet poorly known mycota of the ancient European amber forests.
Subject: 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
1183 Plant biology, microbiology, virology
Ascomycota
hyphomycetes
lichenicolous fungi
Metacapnodiaceae
sooty moulds
Sporidesmium
Taeniolella
LICHENICOLOUS FUNGI
TERTIARY AMBER
BACTERIAL COMMUNITIES
SECONDARY METABOLITES
FORMING ASCOMYCOTA
SOOTY MOLDS
HOST
SPORIDESMIUM
LECANORALES
MICROBIOME
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: unspecified
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: acceptedVersion


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