Rare coding variants in genes encoding GABA(A) receptors in genetic generalised epilepsies : an exome-based case-control study

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EPICURE Consortium , EuroEPINOMICS-CoGIE Consortium & EpiPGX Consortium 2018 , ' Rare coding variants in genes encoding GABA(A) receptors in genetic generalised epilepsies : an exome-based case-control study ' , Lancet Neurology , vol. 17 , no. 8 , pp. 699-708 . https://doi.org/10.1016/S1474-4422(18)30215-1

Title: Rare coding variants in genes encoding GABA(A) receptors in genetic generalised epilepsies : an exome-based case-control study
Author: EPICURE Consortium; EuroEPINOMICS-CoGIE Consortium; EpiPGX Consortium
Contributor organization: Centre of Excellence in Complex Disease Genetics
Aarno Palotie / Principal Investigator
Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland
Research Programme for Molecular Neurology
Research Programs Unit
Neuroscience Center
University of Helsinki
Genomics of Neurological and Neuropsychiatric Disorders
Date: 2018-08
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: Lancet Neurology
ISSN: 1474-4422
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1474-4422(18)30215-1
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/309565
Abstract: Background Genetic generalised epilepsy is the most common type of inherited epilepsy. Despite a high concordance rate of 80% in monozygotic twins, the genetic background is still poorly understood. We aimed to investigate the burden of rare genetic variants in genetic generalised epilepsy. Methods For this exome-based case-control study, we used three different genetic generalised epilepsy case cohorts and three independent control cohorts, all of European descent. Cases included in the study were clinically evaluated for genetic generalised epilepsy. Whole-exome sequencing was done for the discovery case cohort, a validation case cohort, and two independent control cohorts. The replication case cohort underwent targeted next-generation sequencing of the 19 known genes encoding subunits of GABA(A) receptors and was compared to the respective GABA(A) receptor variants of a third independent control cohort. Functional investigations were done with automated two-microelectrode voltage clamping in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Findings Statistical comparison of 152 familial index cases with genetic generalised epilepsy in the discovery cohort to 549 ethnically matched controls suggested an enrichment of rare missense (Nonsyn) variants in the ensemble of 19 genes encoding GABA(A) receptors in cases (odds ratio [OR] 2.40 [95% CI 1.41-4.10]; p(Nonsyn)=0.0014, adjusted p(Nonsyn)=0.019). Enrichment for these genes was validated in a whole-exome sequencing cohort of 357 sporadic and familial genetic generalised epilepsy cases and 1485 independent controls (OR 1.46 [95% CI 1.05-2.03]; p(Nonsyn)=0.0081, adjusted p(Nonsyn)=0.016). Comparison of genes encoding GABA(A) receptors in the independent replication cohort of 583 familial and sporadic genetic generalised epilepsy index cases, based on candidate-gene panel sequencing, with a third independent control cohort of 635 controls confirmed the overall enrichment of rare missense variants for 15 GABA(A) receptor genes in cases compared with controls (OR 1.46 [95% CI 1.02-2.08]; p(Nonsyn)=0.013, adjusted p(Nonsyn)=0.027). Functional studies for two selected genes (GABRB2 and GABRA5) showed significant loss-of-function effects with reduced current amplitudes in four of seven tested variants compared with wild-type receptors. Interpretation Functionally relevant variants in genes encoding GABA(A) receptor subunits constitute a significant risk factor for genetic generalised epilepsy. Examination of the role of specific gene groups and pathways can disentangle the complex genetic architecture of genetic generalised epilepsy. Copyright (C) 2018 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.
3112 Neurosciences
3124 Neurology and psychiatry
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by_nc_nd
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: acceptedVersion

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