Ghosts from the past: a review of fossil Hepialoidea (Lepidoptera)

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Simonsen , T J , Wagner , D L & Heikkilä , M 2019 , ' Ghosts from the past: a review of fossil Hepialoidea (Lepidoptera) ' , PeerJ , vol. 7 , no. 7 , 7982 .

Title: Ghosts from the past: a review of fossil Hepialoidea (Lepidoptera)
Author: Simonsen, Thomas J.; Wagner, David L.; Heikkilä, Maria
Contributor organization: Zoology
Finnish Museum of Natural History
Date: 2019-11-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 20
Belongs to series: PeerJ
ISSN: 2167-8359
Abstract: We critically re-examine nine of the ten fossil specimens currently assigned to Hepialidae. Three fossils with impressions of wing veins and scales placed in the fossil genus Prohepialus Piton, 1940, and two mummified larvae that show apomorphic characters, have features that support placement in Hepialidae. The other four fossils that we evaluate, Prohepialus incertus Piton, 1940; Oiophassus nycterus Zhang, 1989; Protohepialus comstocki Pierce, 1945; and a fossil scale, lack definitive hepialid characters. One of these, Prohepialus incertus Piton, 1940, appears to represent a symphytan (Hymenoptera), and is excluded from Lepidoptera. The fossilized wings placed in Prohepialus by Jarzembowski display numerous features that indicate a proximate phylogenetic relationship to extant members of the hepialid genus Sthenopis Packard and related genera.
Subject: Calibration points
Evolutionary history
Fossil record
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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