Canonical and non-canonical patterns in the adpositional phrase of Western Uralic : constraints of borrowing

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Grünthal , R 2019 , ' Canonical and non-canonical patterns in the adpositional phrase of Western Uralic : constraints of borrowing ' , Journal de la Société Finno-Ougrienne , vol. 97 , pp. 11–36 .

Title: Canonical and non-canonical patterns in the adpositional phrase of Western Uralic : constraints of borrowing
Author: Grünthal, Riho
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Finno-Ugric Languages
Date: 2019
Language: eng
Number of pages: 26
Belongs to series: Journal de la Société Finno-Ougrienne
ISSN: 0355-0214
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/309660
Abstract: Notions about adpositions and adpositional phrases (AdpP) reflect the ambiguous nature of this particular domain. While postpositions and prepositions are often dealt with as lexical categories, their syntactic context determines the grammatical relations of individual postpositions. In the diachronic development of individual adpositions, the phrasal unit of AdpP plays a crucial role either enhancing or diminishing the possibility of adopting new adpositions. In Uralic both the head and complement may be inflected, which increases the divergence of the adpositional system in comparison with most neighboring contact languages. This is illustratively seen in the bulk of adpositions in Finnic, Saamic and Mordvinic, which only exceptionally include borrowed lexemes. The focus of this article is bifold. Firstly, it briefly outlines the main structural types of AdpP, particularly in Western Uralic. Secondly, it discusses why loanwords only seldom occur in the adpositional system of languages that are strongly influenced by language contact and widespread bilingualism, such as contemporary Veps and Erzya.
Subject: 6121 Languages
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