Harnessing therapeutic viruses as a delivery vehicle for RNA-based therapy

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Ylösmäki , L , Polini , B , Carpi , S , Martins , B , Smertina , E , Feola , S , Fusciello , M , Peltonen , K , Nieri , P , Ylösmäki , E & Cerullo , V 2019 , ' Harnessing therapeutic viruses as a delivery vehicle for RNA-based therapy ' , PLoS One , vol. 14 , no. 10 , pp. e0224072 . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0224072

Title: Harnessing therapeutic viruses as a delivery vehicle for RNA-based therapy
Author: Ylösmäki, Leena; Polini, Beatrice; Carpi, Sara; Martins, Beatriz; Smertina, Elena; Feola, Sara; Fusciello, Manlio; Peltonen, Karita; Nieri, Paola; Ylösmäki, Erkko; Cerullo, Vincenzo
Contributor organization: ImmunoViroTherapy Lab
Division of Pharmaceutical Biosciences
Drug Research Program
Date: 2019-10-23
Language: eng
Belongs to series: PLoS One
ISSN: 1932-6203
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0224072
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/309709
Abstract: Messenger RNA (mRNA) and microRNA (miRNA)-based therapeutics have become attractive alternatives to DNA-based therapeutics due to recent advances in manufacture, scalability and cost. Also, RNA-based therapeutics are considered safe since there are no risk of inducing genomic changes as well as the potential adverse effects would be only temporary due to the transient nature of RNA-based therapeutics. However, efficient in vivo delivery of RNA-based therapeutics remains a challenge. We have developed a delivery platform for RNA-based therapeutics by exploiting the physicochemical properties of enveloped viruses. By physically attaching cationic liposome/RNA complexes onto the viral envelope of vaccinia virus, we were able to deliver mRNA, self-replicating RNA as well as miRNA inside target cells. Also, we showed that this platform, called viRNA platform, can efficiently deliver functional miRNA mimics into B16.OVA tumour in vivo.
Subject: 317 Pharmacy
318 Medical biotechnology
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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