Risk compensation and bicycle helmets : A false conclusion and uncritical citations

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Radun , I , Radun , J , Esmaeilikia , M & Lajunen , T 2018 , ' Risk compensation and bicycle helmets : A false conclusion and uncritical citations ' , Transportation Research. Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour , vol. 58 , pp. 548-555 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2018.06.038

Title: Risk compensation and bicycle helmets : A false conclusion and uncritical citations
Author: Radun, Igor; Radun, Jenni; Esmaeilikia, Mahsa; Lajunen, Timo
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Medicum
University of Helsinki, Medicum
University of Helsinki, Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Date: 2018-10
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Transportation Research. Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour
ISSN: 1369-8478
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/310074
Abstract: Some researchers and many anti-helmet advocates often state that when cyclists wear a helmet they feel safer and take more risks. This hypothesis-risk compensation - if true, would reduce, annul or even reverse the assumed benefits of helmets in reducing head injuries. Consequently, this hypothesis is often used to oppose mandatory helmet laws. In this article, we illustrate how one of the few studies that attempted to experimentally test the hypothesis in relation to bicycle helmets arrives at a false conclusion. As a result it is often cited as evidence of risk compensation. Given the lack of experimental studies in this research area, the impact of a single study in shaping the opinions of the general public and of policy makers can be significant. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: Risk taking
Behavioral adaptation
Cycling
Risk homeostasis
INJURIES
CYCLISTS
515 Psychology
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