Teacher Ratings of Executive Function Difficulties in Finnish Children with Combined and Predominantly Inattentive Symptoms of ADHD

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Klenberg , L , Hokkanen , L , Lahti-Nuuttila , P & Närhi , V 2017 , ' Teacher Ratings of Executive Function Difficulties in Finnish Children with Combined and Predominantly Inattentive Symptoms of ADHD ' , Applied Neuropsychology: Child , vol. 6 , no. 4 , pp. 305-314 . https://doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2016.1177531

Title: Teacher Ratings of Executive Function Difficulties in Finnish Children with Combined and Predominantly Inattentive Symptoms of ADHD
Author: Klenberg, Liisa; Hokkanen, Laura; Lahti-Nuuttila, Pekka; Närhi, Vesa
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Medicum
University of Helsinki, Medicum
University of Helsinki, Medicum
University of Helsinki, University of Eastern Finland (UEF)
Date: 2017
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: Applied Neuropsychology: Child
ISSN: 2162-2965
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/310100
Abstract: School-age children with difficulties in executive functions (EFs) are at risk for substantial academic impairment and poorer developmental outcome. Although Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is generally associated with weaknesses in EFs, a relatively minimal amount is known about school-related EF difficulties and differences between ADHD subtypes. The present study examined teacher ratings of EF behaviors in 7- to 15-year-old Finnish children with combined symptoms of ADHD (ADHD-C; n =189), predominantly inattentive symptoms (ADHD-I; n = 25), and no ADHD (n = 691). The teacher ratings showed that both ADHD groups had more EF difficulties than controls. Ratings also indicated specific EF profiles for the ADHD subtypes, students with ADHD-I having more wide-ranging EF difficulties in attention as well as initiation, planning, and execution of actions than children with ADHD-C. According to the present findings, the school-related EF difficulties of children with ADHD-I need to be specifically acknowledged. Teacher ratings seem to be sensitive indicators of EF difficulties and distinguish between different kinds of EF profiles. In clinical practice, rating scales with reliable psychometric properties and normative data relevant to the specific cultural environment should be employed.
Subject: 515 Psychology
ADHD
ADHD-C
ADHD-I
assessment
EXECUTIVE FUNCTION
rating scale
SCHOOL
ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER
deficit hyperactivity
LATENT-VARIABLE ANALYSIS
NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL PROFILES
inventory chexi
VALIDITY
INTERVENTION
ADOLESCENTS
DYSFUNCTION
SUBTYPES
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