Development of the DAGIS intervention study : a preschool-based family-involving study promoting preschoolers’ energy balance-related behaviours and self-regulation skills

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Ray , C M-L , Pajulahti , R E , Lehto , E , Vepsäläinen , H , Sajaniemi , N , Erkkola , M & Roos , E 2019 , ' Development of the DAGIS intervention study : a preschool-based family-involving study promoting preschoolers’ energy balance-related behaviours and self-regulation skills ' , BMC Public Health , vol. 2019 , no. 19 , 1670 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-7864-0

Title: Development of the DAGIS intervention study : a preschool-based family-involving study promoting preschoolers’ energy balance-related behaviours and self-regulation skills
Author: Ray, Carola Marie-Lousie; Pajulahti, Riikka Elisa; Lehto, Elviira; Vepsäläinen, Henna; Sajaniemi, Nina; Erkkola, Maijaliisa; Roos, Eva
Contributor organization: Department of Food and Nutrition
Department of Education
Maijaliisa Erkkola / Principal Investigator
Nutrition Science
Clinicum
Department of Public Health
Eva Roos / Principal Investigator
Teachers' Academy
Family nutrition and wellbeing
Date: 2019-12-12
Language: eng
Number of pages: 17
Belongs to series: BMC Public Health
ISSN: 1471-2458
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-7864-0
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/310240
Abstract: Background: Preschoolers' energy balance-related behaviours (EBRBs) and self-regulation skills are important for their later health. Few preschool-based interventions aiming to promote preschoolers' EBRBs and self-regulation skills, simultaneously reducing differences in EBRBs, due to children's socio-economic status (SES) background, have been conducted. This study will present the Increased Health and Wellbeing in Preschools (DAGIS) intervention development process applying the Intervention Mapping (IM) framework. Methods: The development of the DAGIS intervention study, a preschool level clustered randomized controlled trial (RCT), was based on the IM framework. The protocol in IM guides the development process of an intervention through six steps: needs assessment and logic model of the problem, programme outcomes and objectives, design of the programme, production, implementation plan, and evaluation plan. Results: The needs assessment, part of the step 1 in IM, yielded the base for the DAGIS logic model of change. The model includes objectives related to changes in children's EBRBs, self-regulation skills, and in psychosocial and physical environment that is determined by parents and early educators. A 22-week programme was developed, and materials for preschools and families were produced. A feasibility study of the recruitment processes, acceptability of the materials and methods, and implementation was conducted. The DAGIS intervention study was conducted September 2017-May 2018 as a clustered RCT including a comprehensive effectiveness and process evaluation. The process evaluation was run throughout the intervention targeting preschools and families. Conclusion: A preschool-based family-involving programme was developed in the DAGIS intervention study by applying the IM protocol. It was a time- and resource-consuming process. However, the systematic planning, development, and running of the programme have reinforced a comprehensive evaluation, which is a strength in the intervention. The results from the evaluation will enhance the knowledge of how to promote EBRBs and self-regulation skills among preschoolers, and diminish SES differences in them.
Subject: 3143 Nutrition
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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