Frequent consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and sweets starts at early age

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Laitala , M-L , Vehkalahti , M M & Virtanen , J I 2018 , ' Frequent consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and sweets starts at early age ' , Acta Odontologica Scandinavica , vol. 76 , no. 2 , pp. 105-110 .

Title: Frequent consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and sweets starts at early age
Author: Laitala, Marja-Liisa; Vehkalahti, Miira M.; Virtanen, Jorma I.
Contributor organization: Miira M Vehkalahti / Principal Investigator
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases
University of Helsinki
HUS Head and Neck Center
Date: 2018-03
Language: eng
Number of pages: 6
Belongs to series: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
ISSN: 0001-6357
Abstract: Objectives: We aimed to investigate the habitual consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and sweets in relation to mothers' behaviours and practices with their infants. Methods: We targeted mothers with children 1-24 months (N=200) visiting Public Child Health clinics in Finland. During routine visits mothers (N=179) volunteered to complete a self-administered anonymous questionnaire about their child's health-related behaviours (consumption of sweets and SSBs, tooth brushing frequency). The questionnaires also included questions about the mothers' background (age, education) and health-related behaviours (consumption of sweets, tooth brushing frequency and smoking habits). The children were categorised by age, and Chi-squared tests, Fischer's exact test, ANOVA and correlation coefficient served for the statistical analyses. Results: Of those under 6 months, almost half (44%) received SSBs, and 45% of them more than once a week. Their use gradually increased by age such that by 19-24 months, all received SSBs at least sometimes, and 56%, frequently. Fewer than half of the mothers (33-43%) gave sweets to their children between the ages of 10-15 months, but 92% by the age of 2 years. Children's twice-a-day tooth brushing increased from 14% to 33%. The child's age and tooth brushing frequency correlated with the consumption of sugar-sweetened products (r=0.458). Conclusions: Infants frequent consumption of sugar-sweetened products begins early in childhood. Thus, tackling these common risk factors in the first years of life is essential and calls for health-promoting actions in multiple areas that target primarily the parents of infants.
Subject: 313 Dentistry
oral health
sugar-sweetened beverages
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: unspecified
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: acceptedVersion

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