Time-dependent self-association of spruce galactoglucomannans depends on pH and mechanical shearing

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/310645

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Bhattarai , M , Valoppi , F , Hirvonen , S-P , Hietala , S , Kilpelainen , P , Aseyev , V & Mikkonen , K S 2020 , ' Time-dependent self-association of spruce galactoglucomannans depends on pH and mechanical shearing ' , Food Hydrocolloids , vol. 102 , 105607 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodhyd.2019.105607

Title: Time-dependent self-association of spruce galactoglucomannans depends on pH and mechanical shearing
Author: Bhattarai, Mamata; Valoppi, Fabio; Hirvonen, Sami-Pekka; Hietala, Sami; Kilpelainen, Petri; Aseyev, Vladimir; Mikkonen, Kirsi S.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Food and Nutrition
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)
University of Helsinki, Department of Chemistry
University of Helsinki, Polymers
University of Helsinki, Polymers
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)
Date: 2020-05
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: Food Hydrocolloids
ISSN: 0268-005X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/310645
Abstract: The demand for naturally derived, functional and cost-effective raw materials for various food applications is escalating. Spruce wood is a sustainable and abundant, but underutilized source of novel hydrocolloids-galactoglucomannans (GGM). Pressurized-hot water extracted GGM with an intermediate molar mass are hypothesized to form colloidal solutions. To design superior quality products from GGM, an understanding of their colloidal stability and their potential effect in multiphasic systems is required. The present study addresses the functionality of GGM by characterizing their properties in a bi-phasic system, and for the first time, their time-dependent colloidal stability at different extrinsic conditions- pH, ionic strength and after the application of high-intensity mechanical shearing. Amongst the conditions studied, the colloidal stability of aqueous GGM solution was highly pH dependent. The results showed that an intermediate molar mass polysaccharide like GGM formed inter-/intra molecular assemblies, which grew over time, depending on the composition and processing of the aqueous medium. The molecular dispersion of GGM and their dynamic behavior was also compared to solutions of known food hydrocolloids-gum Arabic and hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose. The observed solution properties explain the hydmcolloid functionality of GGM and contribute to design of colloidal polysaccharide systems in food application.
Subject: 416 Food Science
Hemicelluloses
Spruce galactoglucomannans
Self-association
Hydrocolloids
DEPLETION STABILIZATION
WATER
WOOD
POLYSACCHARIDES
HYDROCOLLOIDS
DISSOCIATION
AGGREGATION
EMULSIONS
BEHAVIOR
LIGNIN
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