DSP p.(Thr2104Glnfs*12) variant presents variably with early onset severe arrhythmias and left ventricular cardiomyopathy

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/310820

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BMC Medical Genetics. 2020 Jan 31;21(1):19

Title: DSP p.(Thr2104Glnfs*12) variant presents variably with early onset severe arrhythmias and left ventricular cardiomyopathy
Author: Heliö, Krista; Kangas-Kontio, Tiia; Weckström, Sini; Vanninen, Sari U M; Aalto-Setälä, Katriina; Alastalo, Tero-Pekka; Myllykangas, Samuel; Heliö, Tiina M; Koskenvuo, Juha W
Publisher: BioMed Central
Date: 2020-01-31
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/310820
Abstract: Abstract Background Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a condition characterized by dilatation and systolic dysfunction of the left ventricle in the absence of severe coronary artery disease or abnormal loading conditions. Mutations in the titin (TTN) and lamin A/C (LMNA) genes are the two most significant contributors in familial DCM. Previously mutations in the desmoplakin (DSP) gene have been associated with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) and more recently with DCM. Methods We describe the cardiac phenotype related to a DSP mutation which was identified in ten unrelated Finnish index patients using next-generation sequencing. Sanger sequencing was used to verify the presence of this DSP variant in the probands’ relatives. Medical records were obtained, and clinical evaluation was performed. Results We identified DSP c.6310delA, p.(Thr2104Glnfs*12) variant in 17 individuals of which 11 (65%) fulfilled the DCM diagnostic criteria. This pathogenic variant presented with left ventricular dilatation, dysfunction and major ventricular arrhythmias. Two patients showed late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) and myocardial edema on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) that may suggest inflammatory process at myocardium. Conclusions The patients diagnosed with DCM showed an arrhythmogenic phenotype as well as SCD at young age supporting the recently proposed concept of arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy. This study also demonstrates relatively low penetrance of truncating DSP variant in the probands’ family members by the age of 40. Further studies are needed to elucidate the possible relations between myocardial inflammation and pathogenic DSP variants.
Subject: Cardiomyopathies
Dilated cardiomyopathy
Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy
desmoplakin
DSP
Mutation
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